A regulator responsible for reviewing initial public offerings in China has been banned for life and fined almost half a billion yuan for trading stocks under his mother-in-law’s and sister-in-law’s names. Feng Xiaoshu ( 馮小樹 ), a former member of the review committee under the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC), bought a large amount of shares in a company ahead of its IPO using accounts in his relatives’ names and sold them after the firm’s debut for an illicit profit of 248 million yuan. Feng’s behaviour has violated the securities law and seriously disturbed the order on the securities market Zhang Xiaojun, CSRC spokesman He faces a lifetime ban from the securities market and a fine of 499 million (US$72.5 million) yuan, CSRC spokesman Zhang Xiaojun said in a media briefing in Beijing on Friday. The fine comprises the money he pocketed from the deal and a separate penalty of 251 million yuan. “Feng’s behaviour has violated the securities law and seriously disturbed the order on the securities market,” Zhang said. Feng’s case is the latest scandal to rock China’s financial markets as regulators crack down on misconduct and activities they see as having a destabilising effect on markets. The mainland’s review-based IPO approval system has been criticised by investors for giving reviewers too much power, while suppressing the function of the market. The IPO review committee under the CSRC has the ultimate say in deciding whether a company is qualified to go public in China. It is usually formed by CSRC officials and other financial professionals from local exchange bourses, fund houses and accounting firms. China had been pushing to reform the process by introduce a registration-based IPO system to replace the current approval-based mechanism. “Registration-based IPO” refers to a Western-style system that imposes a lower financial threshold and simplifies the listing process while emphasising post-listing information disclosure. But the reform was suspended after the stock market rout in the summer of 2015, which turned stability into the top priority. Each review committee serves a tenure of one year. Any individual can serve in the role for no more than three years.