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Asia’s private equity funds lose steam as valuations soar beyond reach, Bain survey says

The days of buying low and selling high are over for Asia’s private equity funds, according to Bain & Co’s January survey of 120 general partners

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 16 March, 2017, 11:58am
UPDATED : Monday, 20 March, 2017, 10:54am

The days of “buy low, sell high” have ended for private equity funds in Asia-Pacific as funds are pushed to identify new sources of value amid inflated valuations, slower economic growth and rising interest rates, an industry report said yesterday.

Price mismatch is the biggest issue that keeps the general partners of private equity funds awake at night, and the discomfort is increasing as more respondents, more than 70 per cent, quoted “high” and “very high” on their perspective of valuations, consultancy Bain & Co said in a report, citing its January survey of 120 general partners and direct investors in the region. It was up from 60 per cent in a similar survey a year ago.

The momentum of private equity investments had already slowed in Asia-Pacific as deal value dropped to US$92 billion last year from the 2015 record of US$124 billion, Bain said. It was still deemed resilient – the second-best year on record though. Deal volume dropped to 892 after peaking at more than 1,000 in 2015, Bain said.

Private equity investors are fighting to seal attractive deals amid abundant capital, leaving them facing record deal multiples or inflated asset valuation. This, together with slower economic growth across the region and rising interest rates, are blunting sources of value.

The deal multiples in Asia rose to 17 times, compared with 10 in the United States.

“Wringing greater value from [private equity] investments is much more of a priority than it has been in the past,” said Kiki Yang, a Bain partner. “It’s also not as straightforward as it once was.”

In the survey, 31 per cent of respondents cited multiple expansion as a top source of returns for deals exited five years ago, but only 7 per cent expected that to contribute much value five years from now.

Instead, 37 per cent expected cost controls and margin expansion to drive the most value, while 21 per cent were counting on mergers and acquisitions to help improve returns. Five years ago, it was 22 per cent and 6 per cent respectively.

Last year, internet, technology, media and telecommunications companies attracted US$42 billion, or 45 per cent of total investment value. Internet alone accounted for more than a third, with active deals in India and mainland China.

Total deal value in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan declined 29 per cent year on year to US$49 billion last year, but the total was still 30 per cent above its five-year average.

Looking ahead, clouds are gathering over China as slower economic growth, a high level of corporate debt and steep valuations make it difficult to maintain a strong momentum.

“Even though the growth is slowing, China is still one of the fastest-growing markets globally,” Yang said. “The amount of dry powder [existing private equity capital] in the region focusing on the country is still high and a lot of sectors including the internet are still very active.”

We were looking at a very busy opening this year, she said.

Mainland China’s economy grew 6.7 per cent last year, the slowest in 26 years. Beijing’s policymakers are aiming for economic growth of 6.5 per cent this year, with plans to deepen the country’s supply-side reform, which includes the removal of excess production capacity.

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