China set to strengthen carbon emissions standard-setting and measurements to ensure hitting 2060 climate goals
- Beijing aims to establish a standards and measurement system for cutting greenhouse gas emissions
- A lack of good-quality data has been widely blamed for hobbling the country’s nascent carbon market
The Chinese government has set out its aim to improve the standard-setting and measurement of environmental efforts to help ensure it can meet its carbon neutrality goals on time.
The state agencies will focus on carbon emissions, carbon reduction, carbon removal and the carbon credits market, with the aim of improving their standard-setting and measurement capabilities, according to the plan.
An initial standard and measurement system should be ready by 2025 and include no less than 1,000 national and industry standards and a group of carbon measurement centres, the plan stipulates.
The country will continue to improve its carbon-related standards and measurement system until 2030 in order to achieve “world-leading” levels by 2060, the year in which China aims to become carbon-neutral.
Standardising and measuring greenhouse gas emissions have been major challenges for China’s national carbon exchange, which marked its one-year anniversary in July. Its expansion to more sectors is likely to be delayed because of data quality issues and the complex procedures involved in establishing benchmarks.
In June, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security added three carbon-related jobs to China’s nationally recognised occupation list to encourage more universities and higher education institutions to set up courses to cultivate that kind of talent.
“It’s also important to utilise smart grids and other internet technologies to support the measurement and monitoring of carbon emissions,” said Lin.
Smart grids are electric grids powered by automation and information technology systems.