Financial regulation

At least half of China’s online lending platforms could close as regulatory clean-up bites

Concerned about the risks to financial stability, the authorities have brought in new rules and have given lenders until June 2018 to comply

PUBLISHED : Sunday, 17 December, 2017, 6:18pm
UPDATED : Sunday, 17 December, 2017, 11:07pm

At least half of mainland China’s online lending platforms are likely to shut down by the middle of next year when a regulatory crackdown on the once booming industry is set to wrap up, industry experts told a forum in Shanghai on Sunday.

Online lending has flourished in recent years in China as a way to provide credit to those who were underserved by the traditional banks. Its rapid growth, however, brought a spate of high-profile scams, prompting a regulatory crackdown that began last year.

Michael Xu, founder of, an online data provider monitoring the industry in China, said that only several hundred online lending platforms could still be in business after the crackdown ends in June next year, down sharply from the 1,954 operating as of the end of November, according to data.

“The future of the industry depends on whether and how it can support the real economy,” said Xu, during the 2017 Internet Finance Summit Forum in Shanghai on Sunday, noting that if platforms could provide credit to support the real economy and real financing needs, they would get support from regulators to grow.

Before 2016, online lending platforms were unregulated, but in the summer of that year the authorities introduced the first framework. This year, they further tightened scrutiny over online lending after new problems surfaced, including a surge in cash loans, which are unsecured, short-term micro cash advances offered to individuals who did not need to give reasons for the borrowing.

Under the latest requirements, online lending platforms have to make sure they are not involved with cash loans, and must appoint an authorised custodian bank before the end of June 2018 to remain in operation. In November, meanwhile, the central bank suspended the issue of licences for new online platforms.

China’s central bank orders crackdown on online lenders to curb runaway credit

The tighter rules since last summer have already led to an accelerated consolidation in the sector. More than 4,000 platforms have already closed in recent years, while average returns offered to investors through the surviving platforms are likely to further drop, analysts said. Returns have already halved from a high of 20 per cent in January 2014 to nearly 9 per cent now.

Zhang Chenghui, former head of the financial research institute of the State Council’s Development Research Centre, said during the forum that regulators were not aiming to stifle the online lending sector, but to steer it to a more sustainable growth.

Despite problems and cases of fraud, the industry has played a role in inclusive financing, and in helping needy individuals and small businesses that are shunned by traditional banks, she said.

Chinese authorities have been calling for years for credit support for small businesses, but there was still a huge shortage in supply from traditional banks, she said.

Zhang also called for regulators to seek a better balance between risk control and technology-driven financial innovation.