China and Russia delay US bid to halt refined petroleum exports to North Korea following accusations of sanction-breaking
US tells UN Pyongyang received 89 illicit ship-to-ship transfers of refined petroleum products through May
China and Russia on Thursday delayed a US bid to have the UN Security Council committee order a halt to refined petroleum exports to North Korea, asking for more detail on a US accusation that Pyongyang breached sanctions, diplomats said.
The United States last week complained to the 15-member Security Council North Korea sanctions committee that as of May 30, there had been 89 illicit ship-to-ship transfers of refined petroleum products this year by Pyongyang.
It asked the committee to notify all UN member states that North Korea has breached a refined petroleum cap of 500,000 barrels a year – imposed by the council in December – and to order an immediate halt to all transfers.
But Russia’s UN mission put a “hold” on the US request on Thursday, telling the committee it is “seeking additional information on every single case of ‘illegal’ transfer of petroleum”, diplomats said.
China backed the Russian request and asked the United States “to provide additional factual information to facilitate all states to study and make judgment”, diplomats said.
The move comes a day after US President Donald Trump said he elicited a promise from Russian President Vladimir Putin to help negotiate with North Korea, though he did not say how. He also said: “There is no rush, the sanctions remain!”
On Friday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is due to provide UN Security Council envoys along with South Korea and Japan with an informal briefing on North Korea. Diplomats said they expect Pompeo to stress the need to maintain pressure on Pyongyang.
Russia’s envoy to North Korea also said on Wednesday that it would be logical to raise the question of easing sanctions on North Korea with the UN Security Council.
According to the Security Council North Korea sanctions committee website, only Russia and China have reported legitimate sales of some 14,000 tons of refined petroleum to North Korea in 2018.
But Washington says North Korea has also illicitly obtained more refined petroleum through ship-to-ship transfers at sea. It did not broadly say which countries it believed were illicitly providing North Korea with refined petroleum. However, it does mention a case of a transfer involving a Russian-flagged ship.
Reuters reported in December that Russian tankers had supplied fuel to North Korea by transferring cargoes at sea.
Russia’s UN mission said it was “seeking the explanation of methodology used in making calculation of ‘illegally’ exported petroleum”, according to diplomats.
The United States provided the Security Council committee last week with a list of 89 illicit North Korean transactions and a few photographs.
“If fully loaded at around 90 per cent laden, DPRK tankers have delivered nearly triple the 2018 quota at 1,367,628 barrels,” the United States said in the document submitted to the committee, using the acronym for North Korea’s official name, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
The UN Security Council has unanimously raised sanctions on North Korea since 2006 in a bid to choke off funding for Pyongyang’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes, banning exports including coal, iron, lead, textiles and seafood, and capping imports of crude oil and refined petroleum products.
In March, the council blacklisted dozens of ships and shipping companies over oil and coal smuggling by North Korea.