UN reforms are vital – starting with the credible selection of its next secretary general
Lakhdar Brahimi and Mary Robinson say the election of a new secretary general is the perfect time to make the UN the more effective institution our times are calling for
We all have an interest in making sure the job of secretary general of the United Nations goes to the best possible person. This means a secretary general who is both truly independent and can work effectively with the big powers on a basis of mutual respect. For this reason, we believe she, or he, should only serve one term of seven years, so that the bold leadership we seek is not inhibited by a desire for re-election to a second five-year term, as has been the case hitherto.
A golden chance for the United Nations to pick a leader who can truly represent the interests of all
It also means the selection process must be truly transparent. Innovations, such as the publication of candidates’ names and the holding of public hearings, are a welcome start. But the UN cannot afford for this process to turn opaque again, once the Security Council gets involved. Indeed, there will be a much better chance of achieving the long-awaited changes needed, not least to the composition and working methods of the Security Council, if there is strong leadership at UN headquarters in New York.
The Elders are concerned that the UN’s authority and effectiveness have been weakened in recent years. In February 2015, we launched a series of proposals at the Munich Security Conference to strengthen the organisation. We focused on four issues, reforms we felt could be implemented immediately or else needed to be put back onto the table for serious debate.
In addition to a more transparent and inclusive selection process for the secretary general, we called for a pledge by Security Council members not to use their veto to prevent action against mass atrocities; a greater role for civil society in the council’s proceedings; and, crucially, an expansion of the council to include new “semi-permanent” members, and thus revitalise the most important organ for world peace.
We very much hope that these proposals will continue to help catalyse action where it matters, in the UN’s conference rooms. The looming selection of the next secretary general is, however, a moment of truth.
We welcome the more transparent process organised by the current president of the UN General Assembly, Mogens Lykketoft. But as the Security Council – the forum where the key decisions on the next secretary general will be taken – begins its own deliberations on candidates, it is crucial that the five permanent members recognise merit must trump all other considerations, including regional rotation and gender.
When the Security Council sends its preferred names to the General Assembly, the UN’s 193 members can give the new secretary general what she, or he, needs above all: a single term of seven years. The UN cannot afford to have a secretary general who is unwilling or unable to tackle the big issues of the day, such as the Syrian war and Security Council reform, for fear of jeopardising their re-election hopes.
The terrible tragedy in Syria is but the last reminder of what the ill-considered use of the veto by permanent members of the council can do to helpless societies plunged in conflict. This is why we call on them to collectively pledge not to use their veto to block actions against mass atrocities. Is it too much to expect of the Security Council that its members favour the common good and work together to protect endangered civilian populations before it is too late?
Franklin D. Roosevelt, the US president who led his country through the second world war and helped inspire the birth of the UN, said in his final inaugural address, in January 1945: “We can gain no lasting peace if we approach it with suspicion and mistrust or with fear. We can gain it only if we proceed with the understanding, the confidence, and the courage which flow from conviction.” We fervently hope today’s leaders in Beijing, London, Moscow, Paris and Washington are listening.
Only an independent and courageous secretary general, someone capable of building consensus and, at the same time, showing real moral leadership, can give the UN the confidence and credibility to gain lasting peace in our time.
Lakhdar Brahimi is a former Algerian freedom fighter, foreign minister, conflict mediator and UN diplomat. Mary Robinson was the first female president of Ireland and former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. Both are members of The Elders