To Beijing, with love: please stay out of Hong Kong’s leadership race
Frank Ching imagines what the late Dorothy Liu, a fair-minded NPC delegate who had the trust of both Beijing and Hongkongers, would have told Chinese leaders, amid deep fears that the next Hong Kong chief executive will be a mere stooge
Twenty years ago this month, Dorothy Liu Yiu-chu, lawyer, politician and patriot, died, just weeks before the handover, something that the fiercely anti-colonial Liu had fought for. She brought her legal expertise to bear during the Sino-British negotiations and, later, as a member of the Basic Law Drafting Committee.
It is a pity that she died without seeing the results of her handiwork. It is even more regrettable that Hong Kong can no longer benefit from her wisdom. Though she was always described as a “pro-China” politician, the reality was that she was also pro-justice, and very much pro-Hong Kong.
During the squabbles between Britain and China in the 1980s and early 1990s, she was solidly on China’s side. But, after the issue of sovereignty was settled, the debate shifted to the extent of the autonomy that the then British colony could enjoy after the handover. In that discussion, she was firmly on Hong Kong’s side.
This was disconcerting to Beijing, which discovered that someone who was considered a loyalist became one of its severest critics. One example: after the Tiananmen Square crackdown of 1989, Liu, as a Hong Kong member of the National People’s Congress, insisted, while delivering a speech in Beijing, on observing a minute of silence in tribute to those who had fallen. She became known as a loose cannon, when actually she continued to act and speak according to her principles.
She repeatedly stressed the importance of the Communist Party tying its own hands when dealing with Hong Kong, saying that it was so accustomed to exercising total control that merely promising not to interfere in domestic Hong Kong matters was not enough. The party’s nature was to interfere and to control.
She often likened this to a left-handed person promising to use only his right hand. The pledge may well be sincere, but even without the person himself knowing, he will start using his left hand. The only way to prevent this from happening, she said, was to bind his left hand so he could not use it. Thus, the Communist Party had to restrain itself. Otherwise, subconsciously, it would go against its promises of non-interference.
Liu’s voice is sorely missed today. Her family’s links to party leaders, including to the family of Liao Chengzhi, the party’s specialist on Hong Kong matters, would have stood her in good stead. As a long-time friend of the party, she would have unmatched credibility in Beijing.
Hong Kong must protect its high degree of autonomy to ensure ‘one country, two systems’ remains effective
At this point in Hong Kong’s history, when the territory is about to choose its fourth leader since 1997, she would surely advise the Chinese leadership not to tarnish the front runner, Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor, by appearing to champion her candidacy. Given the suspicions in Hong Kong of Beijing, any appearance of endorsing a candidate, especially soliciting support from members of the Election Committee, can only be the kiss of death.
Watch: Carrie Lam talks about her bid to be chief executive
Help from Beijing and liaison office could be ‘counterproductive’ for campaign, chief executive hopeful Carrie Lam admits
In other words, as Taoists say, do nothing. To do nothing is to do everything; trying to help will certainly hurt. Even if Lam wins, she will be tarnished during her administration and seen as Beijing’s stooge, not as Hong Kong’s leader.
Dorothy Liu was respected by all sides. Twenty years later, few speak of her any more, and when they do, there is a feeling that Hong Kong has suffered a loss and that her voice is missed.
Frank Ching is a Hong Kong-based writer and commentator. [email protected]. Follow him on Twitter: @FrankChing1