The 12,000 Chinese immigrants who worked on the Central Pacific Railroad between 1865 and 1869 were inducted into the US Department of Labor’s Hall of Honor during a ceremony attended by their descendants in Washington on May 9, 2014. The US signed an equal treaty with China in 1868, but it was replaced with the infamous Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882. Photo: Xinhua
William Mundell
Opinion

Opinion

William Mundell

A trade deal won’t solve anything if Americans don’t understand China. This was true in 1868, and it’s still true today

  • US envoy Anson Burlingame brought a dramatic shift in US-China relations in the 19th century, but it was reversed within years. In 2019, even if Donald Trump gets his deal with China, the benefits might prove equally ephemeral

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The 12,000 Chinese immigrants who worked on the Central Pacific Railroad between 1865 and 1869 were inducted into the US Department of Labor’s Hall of Honor during a ceremony attended by their descendants in Washington on May 9, 2014. The US signed an equal treaty with China in 1868, but it was replaced with the infamous Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882. Photo: Xinhua
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