How documentary on Hong Kong localist politician Edward Leung, Lost in the Fumes, came to be made

Filmmaker Nora Lam expected to find political firebrand, but to her surprise discovered that Leung’s surprising candour and vulnerability was the real story – one that would show movie-goers a different side to him

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 17 January, 2018, 1:46pm
UPDATED : Wednesday, 17 January, 2018, 7:29pm

Nora Lam Tze-wing first decided to make a documentary about her fellow student Edward Leung Tin-kei – the controversial leader of the localist movement in Hong Kong – when she attended one of his campaign rallies in early 2016. She was stunned by the passion of this new wave of politicians and their supporters.

But Lam’s film, Lost in the Fumes, took a different turn when she got up close and personal with Leung and found someone who is completely different from the assertive, resolute politician the public has come to know. The documentary has struck such a chord with audiences that this week the Hong Kong Film Critics Society picked it as one of eight recommended films of 2017.

“People have put a lot of labels on him – radical, rioter, troublemaker, anti-China – while others hold him up as a hero,” says the 22-year-old Lam. “But as I got to know him better, I realised he was a lot like us.

“I also have experienced what he was going through – having to compromise with reality, feeling lost and depressed even after attaining your dream. He was standing at a fork in the road and he had hesitations [about what to do next].”

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Lost in the Fumes follows the radical localist, starting with his campaign to win a seat on Hong Kong’s Legislative Council. Things didn’t go according to the script when Leung was barred from the election because of his advocacy of independence for Hong Kong – a special administrative region of China since the end of British sovereignty over the territory in 1997. Nevertheless, Lam continued trailing him, camera in hand, going as far as Boston in the United States when he left Hong Kong for a respite from the furore over localism last year.

“It’s a relatively short period for a documentary, but within this time frame, he went through the cycle of ups and downs most politicians would experience in their entire career,” says Lam, who graduated last year from the University of Hong Kong with a degree in comparative literature and French.

Lam’s film depicts many of the recent big moments in Hong Kong politics, but it was Leung’s surprising candour and vulnerability that would leave the strongest impression on her.

Leung talks about his struggle with depression, and his doubts about his political beliefs and about the 2016 riot in Mong Kok, one of Hong Kong’s busiest districts, triggered by a police crackdown on unlicensed Chinese New Year street hawkers.

He also felt guilt when his childhood friend – whom he invited to join the Hong Kong Indigenous political party – was indicted for rioting, and he speaks of his fear of losing his integrity and becoming like the politicians he so despises.

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Lam was initially “just Facebook friends” with Leung, but slowly got him to open up even in front of the camera. This she puts down to the approach she took to shooting her documentary: forming a relationship of trust with the subject and prioritising his authenticity over other factors, and truly getting to know him as a person.

Lam experimented with this approach after co-directing another documentary, Road Not Taken, in 2016, which followed student activist Popsy Hui and former Hong Kong student leader Billy Fung Jing-en.

It felt very ironic when he confessed that he actually does not enjoy media attention and does not like being in front of the camera
Nora Lam

Having started her film career as a campus reporter, she at first stood by the journalistic values and practices she was taught to follow – deliberately maintaining a distance between herself and this film’s two subjects and trying to be impartial.

“I wanted to talk about the confusion people had after the Occupy movement and these two characters fitted the framework I had,” she says, referring to the pro-democracy sit-ins that shut three major traffic arteries in Hong Kong for 79 days in autumn 2014. “But it felt like I was using other people’s stories and shaping them into the direction I wanted. Had I really understood them before I started filming them? I don’t think I did, and that is not fair.”

Lam felt acutely the power she had over the subjects in that film, and felt that, although it advanced her career, it did not give a true reflection of those involved.

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She felt the same sense of building her own career on others’ misfortune with the documentary about Leung, whose trial for riot and assault charges begins on Thursday; if convicted, he faces a maximum sentence of 10 years’ imprisonment.

“It felt very ironic when he confessed that he actually does not enjoy media attention and does not like being in front of the camera, but I was shooting him and would be following him for another few months,” says Lam.

This was why she abandoned her preconceptions and chose to let the story write itself, focusing on Leung instead of the political atmosphere that first caught her attention.

After completing the first cut in May 2016, she spent a further four months editing a second cut which focused on the emotions Leung was going through rather than the political events around him.

While Lost in the Fumes reveals an unknown side of Leung, it also received criticism for glorifying a controversial figure. “It came as a huge surprise because I felt like I was ruining his image instead,” says Lam. “For a politician to admit that he is not happy and he does not want to touch politics is to commit political suicide. Voters will never vote for you again.”

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Though she did not set out to paint a positive image of Leung, Lam feels people who see her film will appreciate his honesty. “For anyone to reveal the rawest side of themselves sincerely, it has to be attractive because that is the core of who we are as humans,” she says.

As a young filmmaker, Lam faced challenges throughout the process of shooting the documentary. She was on a steep learning curve, and each day encountered a new technical problem. But in the end, the most taxing task was navigating the complicated relationship between herself as a filmmaker and the subject she was filming.

“Its exploitative nature makes me uncomfortable,” says Lam. “And it’s a problem you cannot solve. If it’s something technical, I can reshoot. If I don’t have enough money, I can raise funds. But this is something fundamental about documentary as a medium and it’s something other people will not understand.”

This is also why Lam has decided to take a break from documentary filmmaking and to try other genres instead in the near future.

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While the films she has made so far – including a short film (Midnight in Mong Kok) on the Occupy protest in Mong Kok – all revolve around politics, Lam does not want to be typecast as a political documentary filmmaker and insists that Lost in the Fumes is not a political documentary.

Instead, she hopes audiences, regardless of their stance, can withhold their judgment and put themselves in Leung’s shoes.

Lost in the Fumes will be screened on January 24 at the Hong Kong Arts Centre, in Wan Chai, as part of the Hong Kong Independent Film Festival. Visit for updates on its future screening schedule

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