China’s latest census confirmed Chinese mothers gave birth to just 12 million babies in 2020, down from 14.65 million in 2019. Photo: Getty Images
China’s latest census confirmed Chinese mothers gave birth to just 12 million babies in 2020, down from 14.65 million in 2019. Photo: Getty Images

Explainer |
China’s one-child policy: what was it and what impact did it have?

  • China’s one-child policy started in 1980 and was strictly enforced with punishments including fines for violators and often forced abortions
  • China officially ended its one-child policy in January 2016 in favour of a two-child policy before it introduced a three-child policy in May 2021

Topic |   China's population
China’s latest census confirmed Chinese mothers gave birth to just 12 million babies in 2020, down from 14.65 million in 2019. Photo: Getty Images
China’s latest census confirmed Chinese mothers gave birth to just 12 million babies in 2020, down from 14.65 million in 2019. Photo: Getty Images
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