China population: province may offer year of maternity leave in bid to reverse dramatic decline in births
- China announced in May that married couples may have up to three children, after data showed a dramatic decline in births in the world’s most populous country
- China’s census showed that the overall population reached 1.412 billion last year, but the number of new births fell for a fourth consecutive year to 12 million
A landlocked province in northwest China, in an effort to encourage couples to have children, is looking to sharply increase the duration of paid maternity leave to nearly one full year, putting it on par with some developed economies in Europe.
Shaanxi is seeking public opinion on allowing an additional half a year of maternity leave on top of the current 168 days.
That would put the province in the same league as European nations like Germany or Norway.
Shaanxi is also considering doubling the length of paternity leave to 30 days for couples looking to have a third child.
The decision to let families have up to three children was initially met with doubts on whether it would make much difference. There were also calls for details on what supportive measures would be included.
Since then, 14 provinces including Shaanxi have either amended local family planning rules or are seeking public opinion to make amendments to laws to confer extra maternity or paternity leave.
Some have even created a new form of leave – “child-raising leave” – for couples with children aged three or below, state media reported on Wednesday.
The southern island province of Hainan is offering one hour of child-raising leave each day, for parents with children under three.
The province of Heilongjiang even allows couples in border cities to have four children, due to the below-average birth rate in China’s remote northeastern region.
But that failed to boost births, partly due to the relatively high cost of raising children in urban China – a challenge that persists to this day.
China had a fertility rate of just 1.3 children per woman in 2020, recent data showed, on par with ageing societies like Japan and Italy.