Portuguese ships in a painting from circa 1540, a time when Portugal was the leading maritime power in the Indian Ocean.

Book review: Portugal’s bloody empire in Africa and Asia – and the making of the modern world

Driven by religious zeal, willing to employ deadly force and indifferent to the civilisations they turned upside down, Portugal’s explorers emerge from Conquerors in a form very familiar to contemporary eyes

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Portuguese ships in a painting from circa 1540, a time when Portugal was the leading maritime power in the Indian Ocean.
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