Mainland China’s boycott of this year’s Golden Horse Awards , to be held in Taipei on November 23, has left many Chinese filmmakers and actors facing tough choices. Should they choose to take part in the glitzy annual event in Taiwan and miss out on the Golden Rooster Awards, China’s equivalent award ceremony? (Another factor: films entered for the Golden Horse awards will be denied screenings in mainland China and their directors placed on a watch list) Amid increasing tensions between the governments in Beijing and Taipei, a newspaper affiliated with the China Film Administration reported this month that representatives from the mainland film industry would not attend the Golden Horse Awards . However, it will come down to filmmakers and actors to make the final decision on whether to make an appearance. Looking beyond the politics, here are five major differences between the two award ceremonies for Chinese-language films. History Founded in 1962, Taiwan’s Golden Horse Awards are known as the “Chinese-language Oscars”. Amid China boycott of Taiwan film festival, five other times it used culture as a political tool In the late 1990s, the event’s executive committee lifted entry restrictions on mainland Chinese films. Since then, the awards have been open to all Chinese-language films (in any dialect) from any country. Jiang Wen’s In the Heat of the Sun was the first film from mainland China entered in the competition and scooped six awards in 1996. Since then, Chinese films have had a warm reception at Taiwan’s awards ceremony. From 2014 to 2018, around half the awards went to entries from mainland China. Last year, the majority of the movies nominated for best feature film were from the mainland, while nominees for best director were dominated by five mainland Chinese directors, including final winner Zhang Yimou. The Golden Rooster Awards began in 1981 and are the most highly regarded film awards in China. The awards initially were exclusively for mainland Chinese films. Since 2005, Chinese-language films from Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan and elsewhere in the world have been allowed to compete for the Golden Rooster. However, over the past decade, only seven films from Hong Kong and Taiwan have won prizes at the Golden Rooster Awards, and most of them were co-productions with mainland Chinese film companies. Entry rules and regulations Though they are open to Chinese-language films from all over the world, entries for the Golden Rooster Awards must obtain a film release licence issued by the China Film Administration before they can be submitted. Film censorship limits the number of international films that are eligible for the awards. Taiwan’s Golden Horse Awards do not place any restriction on Chinese-language films competing for the honours. This also means that films banned by the Chinese censors can compete for the Golden Horse. Past examples include Xiu Xiu: The Sent Down Girl (1998), Spring Fever (2010) and A Touch of Sin (2013). Xiu Xiu: The Sent Down Girl ’s director, Joan Chen Chong, was banned from making films for three years in mainland China because she illegally filmed the feature in Tibet and submitted it to the Golden Horse Awards. When are they held? Like most international film awards, the Golden Horse Awards take place annually, while the Golden Rooster Awards are biannual. The Golden Rooster Awards alternate with the Hundred Flowers Awards – the winners of which are decided by popular vote. This year, it’s the turn of the Golden Rooster Awards, and the awards ceremony falls on the same day as that for the Golden Horse Awards – November 23. Judging system The Golden Horse Awards are selected by a dozen film professionals and critics. Judges cannot serve more than two consecutive years. The Golden Rooster Awards are also chosen by film professionals and critics (as opposed to the Hundred Flowers Awards that are nominated by the masses). The best actress and actor awards at the Golden Rooster Awards have never gone to the same artist twice in the past 20 years, while some actresses and actors have won the top prizes at the Golden Horse Awards multiple times. For example, Tony Leung Chiu-wai picked won the best actor prize three times, for Lust, Caution (2007), Infernal Affairs (2003) and Chungking Express (1994). International appeal The Golden Horse Awards served as a political propaganda tool when they were first set up, but eventually became a credible film event. Over the past 15 years, four best feature film winners and nominees at the Golden Horse Awards have gone on to win best picture awards at some of the most celebrated Western film festivals: Cannes, Berlin and Venice: Lust, Caution (2007), Black Coal, Thin Ic e (2014) and The Assassin (2015). No best picture winners from the past 15 stagings of the Golden Rooster Awards have won any major awards at Cannes, Berlin or Venice.