How China’s wealthy are spending more on luxury travel, and why that’s a challenge to diamond sales, says De Beers CEO
Sales of gemstones have been flat or declining for the past six years, and De Beers’ Bruce Cleaver says spending by China’s wealthy on luxury travel, electronics and fine dining affects how much they splash on diamonds
China’s new-found penchant for luxury travel poses the latest threat to a turnaround for the US$80 billion diamond industry.
Chinese deluxe spending on travel is the “fastest-growing competitor” standing in the way of diamond sales in the world’s biggest consumer market, says De Beers chief executive Bruce Cleaver. To win those travel dollars, he says, De Beers could even see itself tying up with the luxury travel market somehow.
“Luxury travel is certainly a competitor to diamonds,” says Cleaver. “If there’s a way to link luxury travel to an African destination where the diamond came from, we’d certainly look into that too.”
The world’s biggest diamond producer is seeking to kick-start an industry that’s seen prices for polished diamonds slump for the past six years. Its major Asian markets including China and India reported flat or declining sales in 2016. The company is also facing hurdles as a younger generation of Chinese shoppers spend more on high-end electronics, travel and fine dining than on baubles.
Worldwide demand in 2016 was essentially flat, as a 4.4 per cent gain in the US offset sluggishness in Asia, according to a De Beers industry report. Sales in China and India showed improvements in the first half of 2017, with single-digit growth from a year earlier, says Cleaver. The industry expects gains for those countries in the next five years as the global economic outlook improves, though Japan won’t grow as fast as its Asian peers due to its ageing population, he says.
De Beers is seeking to influence buying trends by spending US$140 million this year to advertise diamonds, the largest amount since 2008. It is focusing on women in its main markets – particularly those between the ages of 18 and 33 – who De Beers says are buying diamonds for themselves as their earning power increases.
Winning over those shoppers won’t be easy, especially in China, where diamond sales declined 4.8 per cent last year. Competition from travel is another big challenge. China is the world’s largest source of outbound travellers, according to the World Tourism Organisation. More than 135 million Chinese travelled in 2016, and their spending rose 12 per cent to US$261 billion.
Even at home, rich shoppers who want to make a fashion statement are frequently opting for items such as Louis Vuitton bags and Gucci loafers. De Beers also is competing against companies including Chow Tai Fook that are offering fashion jewellery at lower prices to lure Chinese shoppers.
“We are still pretty positive,” says Cleaver. “It’s a question of adapting your brands to the future, which I think we have all the tools to do.”