Omakase, banh mi and oat milk among 9 new food words added to the Merriam-Webster dictionary
- Each autumn, the Merriam-Webster dictionary updates its entries with new words, and this season sees 370 additions; of these, nine are food words
- Their inclusion reflects growing familiarity with things such as omakase, the Vietnamese sandwich banh mi, oat milk and the pumpkin spice in your latte
Seasoned food lovers may raise their eyebrows upon learning that some of their frequently used words, from American favourite pumpkin spice to Vietnamese banh mi, have only now been made official by the American English dictionary Merriam-Webster.
In an update to its long-standing list of phrases and terms, 370 new words have been added – nine of them food-related.
Some have long been in the foodie vernacular, such as “omakase” – a Japanese phrase that roughly translates as “I’ll leave it up to you” and refers to the practice of allowing the chef to serve a menu without giving customers a choice.
In the Merriam-Webster dictionary, it is defined as “a series of small servings or courses (as of sushi) offered at a fixed price and whose selection is left to the chef’s discretion”.
Indeed, the word is often used in the context of a sushi meal, though in recent years it has become trendy to apply it to any multi-course menu, or use it in place of “tasting menu” or “degustation”. It has even been co-opted by cafes and bars, who use it to sell coffee and cocktail flights.
Oddly, the more defining characteristics of a “banh mi” – namely the rough pork liver pate and its airy, crusty loaf that differentiates it from a classic French-style baguette – are missing.
Other spice-led terms such as “ras el hanout” (a north African spice mix including but not limited to coriander, ginger, turmeric, peppercorns, cumin, cinnamon, cardamom and cayenne pepper) and “mojo” (an olive oil, garlic, citrus and spice-based sauce or marinade) have also been added.
Most notably, “pumpkin spice” – defined as “a mixture of usually cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, cloves and often allspice that is commonly used in pumpkin pie” – has finally been included in the dictionary.
However, the dictionary shied away from referring to the most popular usage of the term pumpkin spice.
Created by Starbucks in 2003, the pumpkin spice latte has become a culinary icon, faced anticipation and derision, and defined the turning of the seasons. In 2022, the seasonal treat – Starbucks’ most profitable creation of all time, having sold 424 million cups worldwide by 2019 – returned to cafes on August 30.
Over the best part of two decades, pumpkin spice has spawned countless memes and pop culture references, so its addition to the list seems wildly overdue.