Scientist Qian Xuesen, revered as the father of China’s missile programme, working in Beijing in 1957. Picture: AFP / Imaginechina

How China’s smart cities, social credit system and mass surveillance were sparked by rocket scientist

Having worked on classified weapons research for the United States, and played a role in developing China’s first atomic bomb, Qian Xuesen sparked the social credit system that will track – and possibly control – Chinese citizens’ behaviour

Topic |   China science

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Scientist Qian Xuesen, revered as the father of China’s missile programme, working in Beijing in 1957. Picture: AFP / Imaginechina
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