China’s school curricula focused heavily on the Confucian canon of classical texts from 134BC until the early 20th century. Photo: Getty Images
China’s school curricula focused heavily on the Confucian canon of classical texts from 134BC until the early 20th century. Photo: Getty Images
Wee Kek Koon
Opinion

Opinion

Reflections by Wee Kek Koon

Chinese education through history, from the ‘Six Arts’ to Confucianism, repressive rote learning and Western-style modern schools

  • China had one of the most developed education systems in the world before the modern era, including ‘international schools’ that drew students from far and wide
  • But the rise of neo-Confucianism and the ‘eight-legged essay’ eventually forced much needed reforms, with Western-style modern schools introduced

China’s school curricula focused heavily on the Confucian canon of classical texts from 134BC until the early 20th century. Photo: Getty Images
China’s school curricula focused heavily on the Confucian canon of classical texts from 134BC until the early 20th century. Photo: Getty Images
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