The first nationwide elections in modern China were held in 1909, instigated by the Empress Dowager Cixi, three years after she had scuppered similar reforms launched by her nephew the Guangxu Emperor.
The first nationwide elections in modern China were held in 1909, instigated by the Empress Dowager Cixi, three years after she had scuppered similar reforms launched by her nephew the Guangxu Emperor.
Wee Kek Koon
Opinion

Opinion

Reflections by Wee Kek Koon

Riddled with corruption, China’s first nationwide elections were a flawed, short-lived but worthy experiment

  • Held in 1909 in a desperate attempt to protect the ailing Qing dynasty, the elections were tainted by rampant vote-buying and unlawful seizures of ballot boxes
  • The biggest winners were the conservative faction, whose members dominated the provincial assemblies

The first nationwide elections in modern China were held in 1909, instigated by the Empress Dowager Cixi, three years after she had scuppered similar reforms launched by her nephew the Guangxu Emperor.
The first nationwide elections in modern China were held in 1909, instigated by the Empress Dowager Cixi, three years after she had scuppered similar reforms launched by her nephew the Guangxu Emperor.
READ FULL ARTICLE