How Diana, ‘the people’s princess’, changed the world forever

Princess Diana lived much of her life in the spotlight, after marrying Prince Charles, the heir to the British throne, at the age of 20 in 1981. Photos: AP

It is 22 years since Diana, Princess of Wales – the former wife of Prince Charles, the heir to the British throne, and mother of both Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex – died at the age of 36.

She was first propelled into the international spotlight at the age of 20, when she married Charles in a lavish ceremony at St Paul’s Cathedral in London on July 29, 1981.

She was one of the naughtiest parents. But she understood that there was a real life outside of palace walls
Prince William, discusses his late mother

However, their troubled marriage ultimately imploded, turning the couple into tabloid fodder.

Diana went on to become an international icon in her own right. Her sophisticated style helped to dictate fashion trends. Her dedication to charitable causes won her admiration and accolades.

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In the wake of her death in Paris, then British Prime Minister Tony Blair famously referred to her as “the people’s princess”.

The mass, global outpouring of grief following her death in a car accident in Paris on August 31, 1997, proved it was an apt observation.

[People should] carry out a random act of kindness with no expectation of reward, safe in the knowledge that one day someone might do the same for you
Diana, Princess of Wales

Read on for some of key moments from her life.

Diana Frances Spencer was born on July 1, 1961, to a prominent British noble family.

Her brother, the Earl Spencer, recalled that she was “incredibly brave”, even as a young girl.

Baby Diana Spencer, who was born in 1961, and grew up to become Diana, Princess of Wales

At school, the future princess failed all her O-levels – twice.

However, Diana had a sense that she was destined for something important.

“I knew that something profound was coming my way,” she said in the 2017 television documentary Diana: In Her Own Words.

I knew that something profound was coming my way [when I was young]. I was just treading water waiting for it
Princess Diana

“I was just treading water, waiting for it.”

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Before her marriage, Diana reportedly shared a flat with three roommates and worked as a part-time kindergarten teacher in London’s elegant, upmarket Pimlico district.

Diana Spencer pictured in 1980, at the time news broke that she had begun a relationship with Prince Charles

She first met Charles in 1977 when she was 16. The prince had been dating her older sister, Sarah, at the time.

Their romance did not begin until three years’ later when Diana watched Charles playing polo at Balmoral Castle, a large royal estate in Scotland.

Diana Spencer with Prince Charles, following the announcement of their engagement in February 1981

Reports indicate that the 32-year-old Charles was under pressure to marry at the time.

The prince proposed to Diana in February 1981 after only a few dates. She accepted straight away.

In total, Charles and Diana had met only 13 times before they were married.

Diana Spencer’s sapphire and diamond engagement ring, pictured beside Prince Charles’ ring, featuring his official Prince of Wales crest, at the time of their official engagement in February 1981

Diana’s stunning engagement ring – featuring a 12-carat oval Ceylon sapphire surrounded with 14 solitaire diamonds and set in 18-carat white gold – which was made by the prince’s jeweller, Garrard, attracted a great deal of international attention.

The couple’s lavish, fairy tale wedding ceremony attracted great attention from around the world. Up to 750 million people tuned in to watch the live broadcast.

CBS reported that the total cost of the wedding would be close to US$70 million today.

The newly married Princess of Wales and Charles, Prince of Wales, leaving London’s St Paul’s Cathedral in a horse-drawn carriage after their wedding on July 29, 1981

However, Diana would later describe her wedding day as “the worst day of my life”, according to, the website of US bimonthly magazine, Brides.

Princess Diana and Prince Charles’ first public kiss after their marriage, on the balcony of Buckingham Palace in London on July 29, 1981

The subsequent honeymoon on Royal Yacht Britannia provided Diana with a chance to “catch up on sleep”, according to the magazine Vanity Fair. Upon returning home, the newlyweds moved into London’s Kensington Palace and Tetbury's Highgrove House.

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The following summer, on June 21, 1982, Diana gave birth to the couple's first son, Prince William Arthur Philip Louis.

Princess Diana with her first son, Prince William, who was born on June 21, 1981

A second son – Prince Henry Charles Albert David, or “Harry” – followed on September 15, 1984.

Prince Charles and Princess Diana with their second son, Prince Harry, who was born on September 15, 1984

Prince William and Prince Harry have described their mother's parenting style as informal, loving and mischievous.

“She was one of the naughtiest parents,” William said in the documentary about his mother. “But she understood that there was a real life outside of palace walls.”

Prince Charles, Prince Harry, Prince William and Princess Diana head off on a cycle ride together

Diana grew used to accompanying Charles on official visits around the world, although she reportedly expressed hope privately in 1983 that “we won't have to do any more travelling this year”.

Princess Diana and Prince Charles during an official royal visit to Edmonton, Canada, in 1983

However, she quickly became a popular international figure.

During her 1985 trip to US capital Washington DC, she turned heads by dancing with Hollywood actor John Travolta at the White House.

American actor John Travolta dances with Princess Diana at the White house in 1985

Yet all was not well in the royal marriage, which had been on the rocks from the start. The prince and princess both reportedly engaged in extramarital affairs.

Charles is said to have continued seeing his current wife, Camilla Parker-Bowles, with whom he had been in a relationship before his marriage to Diana. Diana would later quip: “There were three of us in this marriage, so it was a bit crowded.”

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Britain's Prince Charles with his then-companion Camilla Parker Bowles in 1999, whom he married in 2005

The couple formally separated in 1992. Diana ultimately went public about the breakdown of their relationship, speaking candidly about her husband's alleged infidelity and her own struggles with bulimia, depression and self-harm. Their divorce was finalised in 1996.

In the wake of her much-scrutinised separation from Charles, Diana hid from the spotlight. However, by 1994, she chose to resume her public life.

During and after her marriage, Diana was one of the most photographed women in the world. She also travelled the globe, meeting with many luminaries including …

Mother Teresa of Kolkata, the Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and missionary in June 1997 …

Princess Diana meets missionary Mother Teresa of Kolkata in New York in June 1997

… South African President Nelson Mandela in South Africa in March 1997 …

Princess Diana meets South African President Nelson Mandela at his holiday home in March 1997

… Pope John Paul II …

Princess Diana with Pope John Paul II at the Vatican in April 1985

… and Elton John, who became a personal friend, and fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld.

Princess Diana in 1997 with British singer Elton John and fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld, at the memorial mass for the designer Gianni Versace in Milan, Italy

During her marriage to Charles, Diana attempted to support a huge number of charities. After becoming single, she resigned from about 100, to better focus on a few projects.

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She became a major advocate for Aids patients. She was photographed shaking Aids patients’ hands without gloves at the London Middlesex Hospital in 1997. Diana is credited with helping to change mainstream attitudes about interacting with Aids and HIV patients.

Diana was a patron of the National Aids Trust at the time of her death.

Princess Diana greets a terminally ill Aids patient in April 1987 at the London Middlesex Hospital

Diana also advocated for the removal of dangerous landmines. In 1997, she even walked through an active minefield in Angola and hosted a television special on the topic.

Diana walks through an active minefield in Angola in 1997 to raise awareness of the problem of dangerous landmines

On that same trip, she visited an orthopaedic workshop where she met 13-year-old Sandra Thijika, who had lost her leg to a mine.

Diana also sat on the board of the Royal Marsden Hospital, which specialises in cancer treatment.

Princess Diana chats with a patient at London’s Royal Marsden Hospital

In her personal life, Diana found love again with Pakistani heart surgeon Hasnat Khan in 1995. However, the couple broke up in 1997. That year, Diana began dating Dodi Fayed, the son of Egyptian billionaire, Mohamed al-Fayed, former owner of London’s Harrods department store.

Princess Diana with Dodi Fayed, shortly before their deaths in a car crash in 1997

While fleeing the ever-present paparazzi, Diana, along with Fayed and driver Henri Paul, were killed in a high-speed car crash in a Paris underpass on the evening of August 31, 1997.

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Her sudden death shocked the world and led to a huge outpouring of collective grief and mourning.

Mourners leave flowers outside Buckingham Palace in London, following the August 31, 1997 death of Princess Diana

Today, Diana is still remembered for her drive to help others.

She once recommended that people should “carry out a random act of kindness with no expectation of reward, safe in the knowledge that one day someone might do the same for you”.

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This article originally appeared on Business Insider .

International icon – whose death, aged 36, after car crash on August 31, 1997 led to global outpourings of grief – remembered for her love of fashion and drive to help others