CEOs made 20 times their median employee’s salary in 1965. As of 2017, at America’s largest companies, that multiple has jumped up to a shocking 312.

At many companies, the CEO-to-worker compensation ratio is even higher. The CEO of McDonald’s earned 3,101 times the median worker in 2017 (US$21,761,052 versus US$7,017). That is partially because McDonald’s employs workers all over the world, where the cost of living is often lower than the US.

Another reason for the jump in CEO compensation is a new perspective on how company earnings should be distributed. For the past few decades, as The New York Times reported, most corporate profits have been going to corporate investors and chief executives, whose compensation is often based on stocks, or foreign mergers and acquisitions.

Meanwhile, proposals to raise worker compensation faced resistance from major shareholders. When American Airlines announced last year they would be giving raises to pilots and flight attendants, the company’s stock tanked by 5.2 per cent in one day.

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In 2018, the public finally got to understand just how much more CEOs are paid than their workers. The Dodd-Frank Act of 2010 requires, among other provisions, companies to disclose their company’s CEO-to-worker compensation ratio. That part of the law came into effect this year.

Here are 15 major employers and how their CEO’s salary compares to their global median employee, ranked from the smallest difference to the biggest:

Twitter: CEO earned 0 times the median worker

Number of employees: 3,372

CEO compensation: US$0

Median worker compensation: US$161,860

Alphabet: CEO earned 0.000005 times the median worker

Number of employees: 80,110

CEO compensation: US$1

Median worker compensation: US$197,274

Amazon: CEO earned 59 times the median worker

Number of employees: 566,000

CEO compensation: US$1,681,840

Median worker compensation: US$28,446

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Kraft Heinz: CEO earned 91 times the median worker

Number of employees: 39,000

CEO compensation: US$4,194,179

Median worker compensation: US$46,006

Netflix: CEO earned 133 times the median worker


Number of employees: 4,855

CEO compensation: US$24,377,499

Median worker compensation: US$183,304

Microsoft: CEO earned 154 times the median worker

Number of employees: 131,000

CEO compensation: US$25,843,263

Median worker compensation: US$167,689

Intel: CEO earned 211 times the median worker

Number of employees: 102,700

CEO compensation: US$21,544,700

Median worker compensation: US$102,100

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Caterpillar: CEO earned 213 times the median worker

Number of employees: 98,400

CEO compensation: US$14,035,209

Median worker compensation: US$65,770

JPMorgan Chase: CEO earned 364 times the median worker

Number of employees: 252,539

CEO compensation: US$28,320,175

Median worker compensation: US$77,799

Johnson & Johnson: CEO earned 452 times the median worker

Number of employees: 134,000

CEO compensation: US$29,802,564

Median worker compensation: US$66,000

Marathon Petroleum: CEO earned 935 times the median worker

Number of employees: 44,000

CEO compensation: US$19,670,807

Median worker compensation (including part-time retail associates): US$21,034

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Skechers: CEO earned 1,512 times the median worker

Number of employees: 24,599

CEO compensation: US$7,773,992

Median worker compensation (including part-time retail associates): US$5,140

Estée Lauder: CEO earned 1,690 times the median worker

Number of employees: 77,600

CEO compensation: US$48,753,819

Median worker compensation: US$28,845

The median worker at Estée Lauder is a retail associate living outside the United States.

McDonald’s: CEO earned 3,101 times the median worker

Number of employees: 235,000

CEO compensation: US$21,761,052

Median worker compensation: US$7,017

The median worker at McDonald’s is a part-time restaurant crew employee in Poland.

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Mattel: CEO earned 4,987 times the median worker

Number of employees: 35,280

CEO compensation: US$31,275,289

Median worker compensation: US$6,271

The median worker at Mattel works at the company's Malaysian manufacturing facility, where “pay and wage rates are dramatically lower”.

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This article originally appeared on  Business Insider .