Millions of Americans obsess over their careers and fret about saving, terrified they will not have enough money to ever retire.
However, the advice now being offered by some experts may surprise these worried souls: take months or years off from work, travel the world, and enjoy yourself.
There is prudent logic behind a relaxing mid-career break. With longer lives come longer careers and longer retirements – the first so that you can afford the second.
Yet a 40-year career, ending at age 60 or 65, is a very different prospect from a 50-year career ending at 70 or 75.
“It’s just too gruelling: we have to take breaks,” says Lynda Gratton, a London Business School professor and co-author of The 100-Year Life: Living and Working in an Age of Longevity.
“Why wouldn’t you want to take some of the retirement at the end of your life and distribute it to the middle of your life?”
The sabbatical – a chance to recharge mid-career – is hardly a new idea and it is still common in academia.
But until recently most people would not dream of quitting their jobs just to have fun for a year or two. And, as Gratton acknowledged, doing so was still a financial impossibility for the vast majority of workers.
However, for well-paid workers in high-demand fields such as technology, the idea may be catching on.
Wealthfront, the American online money manager based in Silicon Valley, California, launched a “Time Off for Travel” tool on Wednesday that allows clients to estimate whether they can afford to take time away from work to go on an extended holiday
They can set a trip lasting months or years as a priority alongside other goals such as retirement or buying a home.
Kyle Parrish and his wife, Kate, both in their early 30s and clients of Wealthfront, returned to San Francisco in November after a 15-month round-the-world trip.
They visited 25 countries and every continent except Antarctica. They made friends, and kept costs low by staying with locals – working on farms in Slovenia and Patagonia.
The trip cost US$40,000 and required Kyle Parrish quitting a good, if intense, job in sales at Dropbox, the American cloud storage company.
He said he and his wife had no regrets. “You only have one life,” he said. “As a human being, you have to stop and refresh.”
Wealthfront co-founder Dan Carroll, 36, said the attitudes of clients, particular younger ones, had shifted.
“Retirement is no longer the ultimate goal,” he said. “We want to live enriched lives today rather than waiting to begin life at retirement.”
When the robo-adviser surveyed its clients, more than half listed “take time off to travel” as a top priority, listing it ahead of all other goals except “financial independence” and “early retirement”.
Jamie Hopkins, a professor and director of the retirement income programme at the American College of Financial Services, in Pennsylvania, said taking a break to travel was not a crazy move, especially for millennials, because it could help to give workers the stamina for longer, more sustainable careers.
The prospect of a future trip also gives young workers an extra reason to save, live within their means, and reduce debt – an incentive that is far stronger than the dream of retiring in several decades’ time.
“I’m not sure we can picture what retirement is going to look like in 30 or 40 years,” Hopkins said.
By the time millennials hit their 60s, technology could have fundamentally changed work lives, and medical advances could have fundamentally lengthened human lives.
How it works
Of course, two years living in Paris in your mid-30s can make it a lot harder to afford your other long-term goals – such as sending children to university.
Wealthfront tries to help customers assess the true financial costs of their travel dreams, allowing them to customise the costs of their trip, and the amount of time they will be away from work, and factor in other costs (such as continuing to pay a mortgage) or benefits (such as collecting rent) while they are gone.
The tool then calculates for clients whether their travel plans are “comfortable”, “manageable”, or “unaffordable”.
For example, the company estimates a 32-year-old who earns US$250,000 a year, with US$100,000 saved and a 20 per cent savings rate, can comfortably afford a two-year trip costing US$3,000 a month – assuming the person keeps the same salary and savings rate after the trip.
Those two years of lost income – and the subsequent loss of years of compounding gains on those savings – comes with a price.
Wealthfront estimates this 24-month, US$72,000 trip ultimately would reduce this hypothetical client’s net worth at age 65 by US$1.1 million, from US$8.2 million to US$7.1 million.
However, that is still more than enough to cover the person’s estimated needs in retirement.
A four-year trip would be unaffordable for this client, but a three-year trip could work with another couple years of saving, the firm estimates.
“Many clients don’t know how big to dream,” Carroll said.
When the Parrishes were envisioning their trip, the Wealthfront tool did not exist, but they spent three years planning and saving.
It helped that they already had a good start on retirement saving. In his early 20s, Kyle began putting as much as possible in his 401(k) plan, accumulating more than US$150,000 by the time they left.
While they travelled, they carefully tracked every expense in a spreadsheet so they did not overspend.
There is one risk that Wealthfront cannot help clients with: the possibility that a break of several years’ could derail their careers.
As stay-at-home parents know well, a key worry for anyone leaving the job market is how to get back in.
The American unemployment rate is at near-record lows, but there is no guarantee that will last. You could leave a well-paying job in a hot field and return to find the economy in recession and jobs scarce.
It helps to work in an industry where employers are not turned off by gaps in your résumé.
In advertising, “it’s to my benefit to be an interesting person”, said Andrew Wind, 38.
He started planning a trip around the world almost five years ago, before he took a job as a creative director at a salary that allowed him to save the US$40,000 he thinks he will need.
Three months into his trip, with a year to go, his plans are ambitious: to visit about 30 countries and 45 cities, finish writing a book, some screenplays and television pilots, while also learning to be conversational in French and Spanish.
“I’m actually more productive when I travel than when I’m home,” he joked by phone from Munich in Germany.
He also expects to be a better employee after the trip – assuming he ends up deciding to go back to advertising, or the US, at all.
By then, he said, “I’m really going to want to buckle down and start the next chapter of my career”.
Similarly, when the Parrishes returned to San Francisco, their trip was less an obstacle to their job hunt than an asset, a way to break the ice while networking.
Within six weeks, both had found new jobs that paid more than their previous ones.
“It’s actually been one of the most positive things we’ve ever done in our careers,” Kyle Parrish said. “We came back with a conviction to get our careers back on track. We just chose to take our foot off the [accelerator] for a bit.”
For most Americans, a sabbatical lasting years is impossible to imagine, at least until they are older and health insurance for people over 65 and social security payments start.
Half of working-age Americans are at risk of not having enough income when they retire, according to calculations by Boston College’s Centre for Retirement Research, based on 2016 data. That is up from 30 per cent in 1989.
As a result of the financial crisis, millennials are even further behind than older American workers. The typical American born in the 1980s has 34 per cent less family wealth than earlier generations had at the same age, the Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis estimates.
Nonetheless, at least some young workers have been able to buck these trends, by paying off their student loans and saving early and often.
And, for many of these career-obsessed millennials, the ultimate luxury is time.