Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese has warned the Chinese government to learn the lessons of Russia ’s “strategic failure” in Ukraine , as he heads to Europe for a meeting of Nato leaders. In an interview with the Australian Financial Review , conducted en route to Spain for the Nato meeting, Albanese said the Ukraine invasion had brought democratic nations together, “whether they be members of Nato, or non-members such as Australia”. When asked what message the Chinese government should take from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Albanese said the war “had shown attempts to impose change by force on a sovereign country meet resistance”. Albanese’s latest comments come at a time when Australia and China are tentatively exploring restarting diplomatic engagement under his centre-left government, which was sworn in just over a month ago after winning a May election. Australia’s deputy PM says China’s military build-up needs to be ‘transparent’ However there are still a large number of points of diplomatic tension between the countries, including Beijing’s growing presence in the Pacific, punitive measures placed by China on Australian exports and the detention of two prominent Chinese Australians. The Chinese government under President Xi Jinping has been clear in its ambitions to unite mainland China with the self-ruled island of Taiwan in the coming decades. Beijing has long considered Taiwan to be a renegade province, despite the two being separately governed for more than 70 years. In recent years, China has ramped up its military exercises and drills in the air and sea around Taiwan in what the US and its allies have said is a pattern of growing aggression towards the island. Albanese will join the leaders of three other Asia-Pacific nations – Japan, South Korea and New Zealand – at the Nato summit in Spain, before flying to Paris for a meeting to work on mending ties with French President Emmanuel Macron. Diplomatic relations between France and Australia have been tense since Macron’s government accused former Prime Minister Scott Morrison of abandoning a French submarine contract with no warning in late 2021, in favour of a nuclear fleet provided by the US and the UK. The Australian leader has also been invited to visit Ukraine by President Volodymyr Zelensky but has not yet confirmed whether he will make the trip.