French President Emmanuel Macron vows to stand against Chinese ‘hegemony’ in Asia-Pacific during trip to Australia
Australia has become increasingly alarmed at China’s push into the Pacific, which could potentially upset the strategic balance in the region
No country can be allowed to dominate the Asia-Pacific, the leaders of France and Australia said on Wednesday, as regional capitals fret over the rise of an increasingly assertive China.
French President Emmanuel Macron said the two nations – alongside fellow democracy India – had a responsibility to protect the region from “hegemony” – a veiled reference to Beijing’s growing might.
“China’s rise is very good news for everybody. It’s good for China itself, its middle classes, and it’s good for global growth, and regional growth,” he said. “What’s important is to preserve rules-based development in the region … and to preserve necessary balances in the region.
“It’s important with this new context not to have any hegemony,” he added through an interpreter.
France has a number of island territories in the Pacific Ocean.
Australia has become increasingly alarmed at China’s push into the Pacific, which could potentially upset the strategic balance in the region.
“We welcome further Chinese investment in our region. We welcome the benefits of the growth of China. But of course we are committed to the maintenance of the rules-based international order, to good governance, strong standards, that will enable us all to continue this remarkable arc of prosperity that has been enabled by that rule of law,” Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said.
Neighbour New Zealand has also voiced concerns about “strategic anxiety” – diplomatic code for Beijing’s influence among the region’s island nations.
Reports last month – which were denied – said Beijing wanted to establish a permanent military base in Vanuatu.
Australia’s Lowy Institute estimates China provided US$1.78 billion in aid, including concessional loans, to Pacific nations between 2006-16.
Turnbull, who called France “a Pacific power”, said he welcomed the economic rise of China and its investment, adding that it was crucial all sides work together in the region.
“A rule of law that says might is not right, that the big fish cannot eat the little fish and the little fish eat the shrimps, that is absolutely critical,” he said. “Now, that rule of law is what we seek to maintain in our region.”
Macron, only the second serving French leader ever to visit Australia, has described ties between the two countries as historic, recalling how Australian soldiers helped defend France in the first and second world wars.
The two leaders signed a series of agreements, including a new symposium to bolster defence industry and business cooperation to build on a A$50 billion (US$37 billion) deal in late 2016 for France to supply Australia’s new fleet of next-generation submarines.
There were also climate-based agreements on developing technologies to harness solar power and protect reefs.
Macron on Thursday heads to New Caledonia to rally support for the territory remaining part of France when residents go to a referendum in early November.