North Korea nuclear crisis

Rival Korea leaders to hold summit in Pyongyang in September

The meeting would be the third between Moon and Kim this year, and the first trip by a South Korean leader to the North Korean capital since 2007

PUBLISHED : Monday, 13 August, 2018, 1:41pm
UPDATED : Monday, 13 August, 2018, 9:48pm

The leaders of North and South Korea will hold a summit in September, the governments announced on Monday, as their peace process moves steadily forward despite signs of a growing impasse between Washington and Pyongyang.

The summit will take place in Pyongyang. It will be the third between South Korean leader Moon Jae-in and his North Korean counterpart Kim Jong-un this year and only the third time that a South Korean leader has travelled to the North Korean capital for such a meeting.

The Trump administration appears have run into slightly rougher waters in its attempts to convince North Korea to denuclearise, but in Korea the two sides appear to be making more progress in their gradual rapprochement – even if the issue of North Korea’s denuclearisation remains far from clear.

The announcement came after North and South Korean government officials held talks on the northern side of the border village of Panmunjom.

In remarks before the talks, Ri Son-gwon, leader of the North Korean delegation and chairman of the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Country, said he hoped the summit would help give “concrete answers” to the problems people are facing.

Afterwards, he said a date had been fixed but not announced, “to keep reporters wondering”.

“It is a different story than US-North Korea which seems to have become bogged down,” said John Delury, an assistant professor at Yonsei University in Seoul. “The two Koreas are more in stride, and the process has ‘taken’ better.”

That’s not to say that the peace process across the divided Korean Peninsula is smooth sailing.

On Sunday, a North Korean propaganda website blamed Seoul’s “blind obedience” to US-led sanctions for what it called the failure to make progress since Moon and Kim met on the border in a blaze of publicity in April.

“It’s been more than 100 days since the April 27 Panmunjom Declaration was adopted, but no reasonable fruit or progress has been produced,” the website Uriminzokkiri wrote. “It is because of America’s sanctions and the South’s unfair participation in them.

Some South Korean reporters also pointed out a mismatch in the make-up of two delegations on Monday: North Korea brought officials in charge of railways, land and environmental protection and economic cooperation to the talks, whereas the South Korean side was made up of officials from the Unification Ministry, national security office and prime minister’s office.

But if that suggested differing priorities, the opening statements as the talks got underway on Monday were all about friendship and rapprochement.

“This is the major transformation in the inter-Korean relationship,” Ri said. “That we are meeting to exchange talks in such a friendly mood like right now, signifies that the communication is working.”

In a joint statement afterwards, the two sides said they had “reviewed the progress of implementing the Panmunjom Declaration, and discussed further methods to fulfil the declaration in a sincere manner.”

By contrast, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo seemed to come away empty-handed from a trip to Pyongyang following the June Singapore summit between President Donald Trump and Kim, with North Korea blaming his “gangster-like mindset”.

Last week, North Korea’s Foreign Ministry also criticised “high-level officials” within the US administration for insisting that North Korea give up its nuclear weapons before sanctions are eased, and making “desperate attempts at intensifying the international sanctions and pressure”.

Those officials, the Foreign Ministry said, are “going against the intention of President Trump” to advance relations between the two countries.

But while the declaration that followed Trump’s meeting with Kim was widely seen as vague, the Panmunjom Declaration was much more detailed, Delury said.

“The two Koreas match up, they know their counterparts,” he said. “The South Koreans have done this before when they were in government, they are not new to this. When things start to go wrong, they are like, ‘Oh yeah, we’ve had this before.’”

Delury said that was not a criticism of Trump and his team, but just to highlight the different problems and context between the two parallel peace processes.

A visit by Moon to Pyongyang would be another propaganda coup for North Korea.

Before the talks, South Korea media reported that Moon may also urge Kim to attend the United Nations General Assembly in New York in late September.