South Korea

South Korea’s Moon wants ‘irrevocable progress’ on nuclear diplomacy

Next diplomatic step is uncertain as negotiators seem deadlocked over whether North Korea truly intends to denuclearise as it has pledged numerous times in recent months

PUBLISHED : Friday, 07 September, 2018, 12:51pm
UPDATED : Friday, 07 September, 2018, 12:51pm

South Korean President Moon Jae-in said on Friday that he was pushing for “irrevocable progress” on efforts to rid North Korea of its nukes by the end of this year as he prepares for his third summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un.

This week, Moon sent special envoys to Pyongyang to help resolve the nuclear stalemate. After returning home, his envoys said on Thursday that Kim still has faith in US President Donald Trump and reaffirmed his commitment to a nuclear-free Korean Peninsula though Kim expressed frustration over outside scepticism about his sincerity.

Trump later responded by tweeting, “Kim Jong-un of North Korea proclaims ‘unwavering faith in President Trump.’ Thank you to Chairman Kim. We will get it done together!”

Moon said the outcome of his envoys’ Pyongyang trip was “much more than what was expected”.

The next step in nuclear diplomacy is uncertain. Negotiators seem deadlocked over whether North Korea truly intends to denuclearise as it has pledged numerous times in recent months. North Korea has dismantled its nuclear and rocket engine testing sites, but US officials want more serious, concrete action taken before North Korea obtains outside concessions.

While meeting the South Korean envoys, Kim said he is willing to take stronger steps if his “goodwill” measures are met in kind, according to chief South Korean envoy Chung Eui-yong. Kim has repeatedly said he wants a step-by-step disarmament process, where each of his actions is reciprocated with corresponding outside concessions.

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North Korea, which says its nuclear programme is aimed at countering US military threats, has demanded the United States jointly declare the end the 1950-53 Korean war, which ended with an armistice not a peace treaty. During his meeting with the South Korean envoys, Kim said an end-of-war declaration would not weaken the US-South Korean alliance or lead to the withdrawal of the 28,500 US troops stationed in South Korea to prevent North Korean attack, according to Chung.

Moon’s liberal government, which is keen on continuing engagement with the North, also wants the declaration. In a written interview released on Friday with Indonesian newspaper Kompas, Moon said he wants to see such a declaration made this year as part of trust-building measures.

“What matters is implementing with sincerity the agreements among the leaders, and our objective is producing irrevocable progress by the end of this year,” Moon said, referring to denuclearisation and a permanent peace on the Korean Peninsula.

During the Seoul envoys’ trip, the two Koreas agreed Kim and Moon would meet in Pyongyang from September 18-20, in their third summit since April. South Korean officials say the summit will focus on how to achieve the denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula.