US may put North Korea back on list of states that sponsor terror
Donald Trump’s national security adviser says North Korea could return to the list of countries Washington claims sponsor terrorism, as part of the president’s strategy to counter any threat posed by Pyongyang’s nuclear programme.
“You’ll hear more about that soon, I think,” H.R. McMaster said at a briefing before Trump’s five-nation tour of Asia, which starts on Sunday. North Korea’s nuclear and missile programmes will be a focus of Trump’s meetings with the leaders of Japan, South Korea, China, Vietnam and the Philippines during the 12-day trip, the president’s first official visit to the region.
McMaster cited the killing in a Malaysian airport earlier this year of the estranged half-brother of North Korea’s leader as an act of terrorism that could lead to the North’s being added back to a list that only includes Iran, Sudan and Syria.
While Malaysia has not directly accused North Korea, South Korea’s spy agency has claimed the attack was part of a plot by North Korean leader Kim Jong-un to kill his half-brother Kim Jong-nam.
“A regime who murders someone in a public airport using nerve agent and a despotic leader who murders his brother in that manner, I mean, that’s clearly an act of terrorism that fits in with a range of other actions,” McMaster said. He said returning North Korea to the state sponsors of terrorism list “is something that’s under consideration”.
Kim Jong-nam died in February after two women rubbed his face with a liquid later identified as VX nerve agent as he walked through the airport in Kuala Lumpur.
Under legislation enacted on August 2, the State Department was required to determine within 90 days – or around Thursday – whether North Korea meets the criteria for being designated as a state sponsor of terrorism.
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson “continues to evaluate whether or not to designate DPRK as a state sponsor of terror”, an official said on Thursday. “The Department has informed Members of Congress that he expects to conclude his review and announce a decision within the month.”
Trump’s trip follows an escalation in tensions with North Korea, which continues to pursue its missile and nuclear programmes and increased its missile testing.
In a recent speech at the United Nations, Trump said he would “totally destroy” the nation, if necessary. He has also derided the North Korean leader as “little Rocket Man”. Kim has returned the favour, calling Trump a “mentally deranged US dotard”.
McMaster said the president would not temper his rhetoric against North Korea while on tour.
“The president will use whatever language he wants to use,” he said. “That’s been of great reassurance to our allies, partners and others in the region who are literally under the gun of this regime.”
McMaster said a denuclearised Korean peninsula “is the only plausible outcome” and he called on other nations, including China – North Korea’s chief ally in the region – to do more to help make that happen.
The national security adviser said Trump would also address North Korea’s human rights record during the trip.
The US kept North Korea on its terrorism blacklist for two decades after the 1987 bombing of a South Korean airliner that killed 115 people. But President George W. Bush lifted the designation in 2008 to smooth the way for aid-for-disarmament negotiations.
Claiming North Korea is a state sponsor of terrorism would largely be of symbolic significance. North Korea is heavily sanctioned for its nuclear and missile activity in defiance of UN Security Council resolutions. Sanctions from a terror designation are unlikely to make much difference.