First tuna auction at Japan’s ‘new Tsukiji’ fish market after controversial tug of war over old premises
Toyosu is located on the site of a former gas plant and the soil was found to be contaminated, forcing local authorities to spend millions of dollars to clean it up and delaying the move
The cries of the raucous predawn tuna auction rang out for the first time at Tokyo’s new fish market Thursday, just days after the world-famous Tsukiji site closed the door on its 83-year history.
The location may have changed but the ritual remained the same: huge whole tuna laid out on the ground, bells tolling to sound the start of the auction and a loud and bewildering system of bidding understood only by those taking part.
“There we go. We’re off,” said Kiyoshi Kimura, one of the celebrities of the sushi world, who owns the Sushi Zanmai chain and has previously paid record prices for tuna at New Year auctions. “We won’t get the same prices today.”
On Sunday, after an emotional final tuna auction the previous day, the Tsukiji market’s famed “turret trucks” – one-man flatbeds with a barrel-shaped steering column at the front – began the mass exodus to the new site.
However, the move was a lengthy and controversial process. Few would contest the fact that Tsukiji was past its prime, and there were concerns about outdated fire regulations and hygiene controls.
In contrast, the new market, located around 2km to the east at Toyosu, boasts state-of-the-art refrigeration facilities and is nearly twice as big again as Tsukiji, already the world’s largest. But Toyosu is located on the site of a former gas plant and the soil was found to be contaminated, forcing local authorities to spend millions of dollars to clean it up and delaying the move.
The early morning tuna auction at Tsukiji became an institution and a must-see for tourists visiting the Japanese capital, who lined up from the night before to be one of the 120 allowed to witness the organised chaos.
Especially at the first auction of the new year, wholesalers and sushi tycoons have been known to pay eye-watering prices for the biggest and best fish. The record still stands from 2013 when 155.4 million yen (US$1.8 million) was paid for a 222kg bluefin.
The move affected not only the famed fishmongers, but also fruit and vegetable vendors, restaurants and other shops in the inner market.
The so-called outer market, with bricks-and-mortar shops selling everything from seaweed to coffee, will remain after the move. But the warehouses that housed vendors and additional shops and restaurants are expected to be levelled to make way, initially, for a transport depot for the 2020 Olympic Games.
Tokyo mayor Yuriko Koike has insisted the new complex is safe and will provide a “cutting-edge” environment for the selling of fish.
However, for some Tsukiji veterans competing in their first auction in the brand-new, sanitised and enclosed new arena, the move has deprived the market of some of its soul.
“It’s not the same atmosphere as at Tsukiji,” said Lionel Beccat, a Michelin-starred chef who has been going to the predawn auctions for years. “On a purely professional level, maybe Toyosu is better, but on a sentimental level, it’s Tsukiji. The head says yes, but the heart says no.”
Koike has promised to listen to the numerous complaints about parking spaces for vans and traffic jams.
“It’s too early to say how it will turn out. We’ll see when we start using it but we are not completely reassured,” one tuna trader said.
Meanwhile, back at Tsukiji, a few dozen protesters broke through lines of city officials and forced their way back in to the old premises – populated now mainly by rats. Some protesters have suggested keeping the Tsukiji site in case of serious problems at Toyosu.
“We didn’t want it to come to this but we wanted to come here because it’s our right. We still have a commercial licence here. We have not given it up,” one fishmonger said.