Korean peninsula

Moon Jae-in promises peace with Pyongyang ahead of meeting with Pope Francis at the Vatican

South Korean president signed a broad agreement with Kim Jong-un last month meant to reduce military tensions on the peninsula, and said Kim would welcome the pope to North Korea

PUBLISHED : Thursday, 18 October, 2018, 12:38pm
UPDATED : Thursday, 18 October, 2018, 12:42pm

South Korea’s president said he was certain peace could be achieved on the Korean peninsula as he prepared for an audience on Thursday with Pope Francis where he’s expected to extend an invitation from North Korean leader Kim Jong-un for Francis to visit.

South Korean President Moon Jae-in delivered remarks at a Wednesday evening “Mass for Peace” in St Peter’s Basilica. The pope’s top diplomat, Cardinal Secretary of State Pietro Parolin, celebrated the Mass.

In his homily, Parolin prayed for the “gift of peace” on the Korean peninsula so “after so many years of tensions and division, the word ‘peace’ can ring out fully”.

Moon spoke at the end of the service, saying the prayers offered there “will also resound as echoes of hope in the hearts of the people of the two Koreas as well as the people of the whole world who desire peace”.

“Our prayers today will turn into reality for sure,” the South Korean leader said. “We will achieve peace and overcome division without fail.”

South Korean views of North Korea have changed before, but this time may be different

Moon signed a broad agreement with Kim last month meant to reduce military tensions on the peninsula. Moon’s office has reported that during their summit, Kim said the pope would be “enthusiastically” welcomed in North Korea.

Moon also had an important role in setting up a June meeting between Kim and President Donald Trump that took place in Singapore, where they announced aspirational goals for a nuclear-free peninsula without describing how and when it would occur.

“Just as your holiness prayed before the US-North Korea summit, we are paving a desirable way toward assuring a peaceful future for the Korean peninsula and the world,” Moon said.

“The history of mankind has been marked by the embarrassment that is war. The signing of an end of war declaration and a peace treaty in the Korean peninsula would dismantle the earth’s last remaining cold war regime.”

In an article that appeared in the Vatican newspaper, L’Osservatore Romano, Moon praised Francis for his promotion of dialogue and said he hoped the Korean peace initiative could help the Vatican forge relations with the North.

South Korea resumes supplying water to Kaesong border town in the North

Moon, who is Catholic, wrote that when he travelled to Pyongyang in September for the summit, he was joined by a Korean Catholic bishop to try to improve relations between the church in North and South.

“In recent months, the pope’s prayer and blessing have given the Korean people great encouragement and hope on the path to peace,” Moon said.

North Korea strictly controls the religious activities of its people, and a similar invitation for then-pope John Paul II to visit after a 2000 inter-Korean summit never resulted in a meeting.

The Vatican insisted at the time that a papal visit would only be possible if Catholic priests were accepted in North Korea.

Francis, however, has taken a less absolutist approach in the Holy See’s diplomacy, as evidenced by a recent deal over bishop nominations signed with China, North Korea’s closest ally. Previous popes refused to cut a deal with China’s communist leaders, who allow religious practice only in state-sanctioned churches.

Donald Trump insists Seoul will not lift sanctions on Pyongyang, claiming ‘they do nothing without our approval’

The Vatican’s priests were expelled by North Korea long ago and state-appointed laymen officiate services. Estimates of the number of North Korean Catholics range from 800 to about 3,000, compared to more than 5 million in South Korea.

Following an unusually provocative run of weapons tests last year, Kim has been on a diplomatic offensive, which included three summits with Moon and the one with Trump.