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Japan

Okinawa will hold referendum on polarising plan to relocate US military base

  • While the referendum has no legal standing, a vote against the move is likely to pile fresh pressure on the central government
  • Noise, accidents and crimes committed by military personnel and civilian base employees have long irritated local residents
PUBLISHED : Friday, 26 October, 2018, 11:23am
UPDATED : Friday, 26 October, 2018, 8:56pm

Japan’s Okinawa region voted on Friday to hold a non-binding referendum on a deeply unpopular plan to relocate a US military base, in the latest twist to a long-running saga.

The decision, by local politicians, was made a month after residents elected a new governor who opposes plans to move the US Marines’ Futenma Air Station from an urban area to a sparsely populated part of the island.

While the referendum has no legal standing, a vote against the move is likely to pile fresh pressure on the central government, which backs the move as the best way to deal with anger in Okinawa about the base.

Okinawa accounts for less than 1 per cent of Japan’s total land area, but hosts more than half of the around 47,000 American military personnel stationed in Japan.

Noise, accidents and crimes committed by military personnel and civilian base employees have long irritated local residents, as has the perceived refusal of other parts of the country to share Okinawa’s burden.

The plan backed by the government would move the base from its current densely populated location to a remote area, partly created by land reclamation.

Opponents do not want the base to remain where it is, but have nevertheless campaigned against the move because they believe it would entrench the US presence on the islands. They say it should be put elsewhere in Japan, or even shuttered completely.

The construction of the new base “means pursuing national security at the expense of residents’ rights to regional autonomy,” assembly member Ichiro Miyagi said on Friday.

Construction work at the new site has been suspended since August, after the Okinawa government retracted its approval for land reclamation.

New governor Denny Tamaki, who has vowed to continue fighting the new airbase, will set a date for the referendum, with local media saying it would likely be held before next spring.

Okinawa was the site of a major second world war battle that was followed by a 27-year US occupation of the island.

The archipelago’s location means it is of huge strategic importance for US forward positioning in Asia.