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North Korea

North Korea will not denuclearise unless US first removes threat from peninsula, calling Trump-Kim ‘deal’ into question

  • Kim and Trump met in June and issued a vague goal of ‘complete denuclearisation’ of the Korean peninsula without describing when and how
  • US wants North Korea to provide a detailed account of nuclear and missile facilities that would be inspected and dismantled but Pyongyang wants sanctions lifted first
PUBLISHED : Thursday, 20 December, 2018, 2:23pm
UPDATED : Thursday, 20 December, 2018, 9:15pm

North Korea said on Thursday it will never unilaterally give up its nuclear weapons unless the United States removes its “nuclear threat” first, raising further doubts on whether leader Kim Jong-un will ever relinquish an arsenal he may see as his greatest guarantee of survival.

The surprisingly blunt statement jars with Seoul’s more rosy presentation of the North Korean position and could rattle the already fragile diplomacy between Washington, Seoul and Pyongyang to defuse a nuclear crisis that last year had many fearing war.

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The latest from North Korea comes as the United States and North Korea struggle over the sequencing of the denuclearisation that Washington wants and the removal of international sanctions desired by Pyongyang. The statement carried by the official Korean Central News Agency also raises credibility problems for the liberal South Korean government, which has continuously claimed that Kim is genuinely interested in negotiating away his nuclear weapons as Seoul tries to keep alive a positive atmosphere for dialogue.

The North’s comments may also be taken up as proof of what many outside sceptics have long said: that Kim will never voluntarily relinquish his arsenal whatever security assurances the United States might provide. The statement suggests that North Korea will demand that the US withdraw or significantly reduce the 28,500 American troops stationed in South Korea, which would be a major sticking point to a potential disarmament deal.

Kim and President Donald Trump met on June 12 in Singapore where they issued a vague goal for the “complete denuclearisation” of the Korean peninsula without describing when and how it would occur. The leaders are trying to arrange another meeting for early next year.

But North Korea for decades has been pushing a concept of denuclearisation that bears no resemblance to the American definition, with Pyongyang vowing to pursue nuclear development until the United States removes its troops and the nuclear umbrella defending South Korea and Japan. In Thursday’s statement, the North reiterated its traditional stance on denuclearisation and accused Washington of misstating what had been agreed on in Singapore.

“The United States must now recognise the accurate meaning of the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, and especially, must study geography,” the statement said.

When we talk about the complete denuclearisation … it means the removal of all sources of nuclear threat
North Korean statement

“When we talk about the Korean peninsula, it includes the territory of our republic and also the entire region of [South Korea] where the United States has placed its invasive force, including nuclear weapons. When we talk about the complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula, it means the removal of all sources of nuclear threat, not only from the South and North but also from areas neighbouring the Korean peninsula.”

The US removed its tactical nuclear weapons from South Korea in the 1990s. Washington and Seoul did not immediately respond to the North Korean statement.

North Korea’s reiteration of its long-standing position on denuclearisation could prove to be a major setback for diplomacy, which was revived early this year following a series of provocative nuclear and missile tests that left Kim and Trump spending most of 2017 exchanging personal insults and war threats. The statement could jeopardise Trump’s plan to hold a second summit with Kim early next year as it could be difficult for the US to push negotiations further if the North ties the future of its nukes to the American military presence in the South, analysts said.

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South Korean President Moon Jae-in, who met Kim three times this year and lobbied hard for the Trump-Kim meeting, has said that the North Korean leader wasn’t demanding the withdrawal of US troops from the Korean peninsula as a precondition for abandoning his nuclear weapons. But Kim has never made such comments in public.

“The blunt statement could be an indicator that the North has no intentions to return to the negotiation table any time soon,” said Shin Beomchul, a senior analyst at Seoul’s Asan Institute for Policy Studies. “It’s clear that the North intends to keep its nukes and turn the diplomatic process into a bilateral arms reduction negotiation with the United States, rather than a process where it unilaterally surrenders its programme.”

North Korea warns US sanctions could derail denuclearisation plans

The nuclear negotiations between Washington and Pyongyang have stalled since the Trump-Kim meeting. The United States wants North Korea to provide a detailed account of nuclear and missile facilities that would be inspected and dismantled under a potential deal, while the North is insisting that sanctions be lifted first.

The North Korean statement came a day after Stephen Biegun, the Trump administration’s special envoy, told reporters in South Korea that Washington was considering easing travel restrictions on the hermit state to ease humanitarian shipments and help resolve the impasse in nuclear negotiations.