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South Korean Foreign Minister Park Jin (left) bumps elbows with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi in Qingdao, China, on August 9. Photo: South Korea Foreign Ministry via AP

South Korea resists China pressure to limit use of US-built THAAD missile system

  • Seoul rejected Beijing’s demand that it stop deploying additional anti-missile batteries, saying the system is a means of self-defence
  • The bickering over the THAAD missile defence shield emerged after an apparently smooth first visit to China by South Korea’s foreign minister this week
South Korea
China and South Korea clashed on Thursday over a US missile defence shield, threatening to undermine efforts by the new government in Seoul to overcome long-standing security differences.

The disagreement over the Terminal High Altitude Area Defence (THAAD) system emerged after an apparently smooth first visit to China by South Korea’s foreign minister this week.

China, contending THAAD’s powerful radar could peer into its airspace, curbed trade and cultural imports after Seoul announced its deployment in 2016, dealing a major blow to relations.
The office of South Korean President Yoon Suk-yeol said on Thursday the system stationed in the country is a means of self-defence and can “never” be a subject of negotiations, according to a briefing transcript, after Beijing demanded Seoul not deploy additional batteries and limit the use of existing ones.

Yoon’s office also said Seoul will normalise operations of the missile defence base by the end of August, Yonhap news agency reported.

S Korea seeks buyers for KF-21 fighter jets that could ‘rival’ China warplanes

President Yoon, seeing the system as key to countering North Korean missiles, has vowed to abandon the previous government’s promises not to increase THAAD deployments, participate in a US-led global missile shield or create a trilateral military alliance involving Japan.

South Korea’s Foreign Minister Park Jin and his Chinese counterpart, Wang Yi, meeting on Tuesday, explored ways to reopen denuclearisation negotiations with North Korea and resume cultural exports, such as K-pop music and films, to China.


US deploys THAAD missile defense system to South Korea

US deploys THAAD missile defense system to South Korea

A Chinese foreign ministry spokesman said on Wednesday the two had “agreed to take each other’s legitimate concerns seriously and continue to prudently handle and properly manage this issue to make sure it does not become a stumbling block to the sound and steady growth of bilateral relations.”

The spokesman told a briefing the THAAD deployment in South Korea “undermines China’s strategic security interest”.

Park, however, told Wang that Seoul would not abide by the 2017 agreement, called the “Three Nos”, as it is not a formal pledge or agreement, South Korea’s foreign ministry said in a statement.

Threat from North Korea is ‘heightening’, say Pelosi and Seoul official

China also insists that South Korea abide by “one restriction” – limiting the use of existing THAAD batteries. Seoul has never acknowledged that element, but on Wednesday, Wang’s spokesman emphasised that Beijing attaches importance to the position of “three Nos and one restriction.”


Defence Minister Lee Jong-sup said the policy on the THAAD would not change because of China’s opposition, and the system’s radar could not be used against Beijing.

“The current battery is not structured to play any role in US defences but placed in a location where it can only defend the Korean peninsula,” he told reporters.


During Park’s visit to the eastern port city of Qingdao, the Chinese Communist Party-owned Global Times praised Yoon for showing “independent diplomacy and rationality toward China” by not meeting face to face with visiting US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

But the newspaper warned that the THAAD issue is “a major hidden danger that cannot be avoided in China-South Korea ties.”