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Kim Jong-un oversees a missile launch at an undisclosed location in North Korea on October 10. Photo: KCNA/Reuters

North Korea launches long-range cruise missiles that can carry tactical nuclear weapons

  • State media said leader Kim Jong-un oversaw the test firing of the missiles that travelled 2,000km
  • It added the launch was aimed at ‘enhancing the combat efficiency and might’ of cruise missiles deployed to the army ‘for the operation of tactical nukes’
North Korea
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un oversaw the launch of two long-range strategic cruise missiles, state media reported on Thursday, calling it a test to confirm the reliability and operation of nuclear-capable weapons deployed to military units.

The test-fire was conducted on Wednesday, and was aimed at “enhancing the combat efficiency and might” of cruise missiles deployed to the Korean People’s Army “for the operation of tactical nukes,” state media Korea Central News Agency (KCNA) said.

Stressing that the test-fire was another clear warning to its “enemies,” Kim said the country “should continue to expand the operational sphere of the nuclear strategic armed forces to resolutely deter any crucial military crisis and war crisis at any time and completely take the initiative in it,” according to KCNA.

On Monday, KCNA said Kim had guided nuclear tactical exercises targeting Seoul over the past two weeks in protest over recent joint naval drills by South Korean and US forces involving an aircraft carrier.

‘Emotions ahead of national security’: outcry over Seoul-Tokyo drills criticism

KCNA reported that the two missiles test-fired on Wednesday flew for 10,234 seconds to “clearly hit the target 2,000km away.”

A US State Department spokesperson declined to comment on the launches, and said Washington remained focused on coordinating closely with its allies and partners to address the threats posed by North Korea.

South Korea’s military said it had monitored the launch in real time and was continuing to analyse data from the tests.

North Korea first tested a “strategic” cruise missile in September 2021, seen by analysts at the time as possibly the country’s first such weapon with a nuclear capability.

Wednesday’s test confirms that nuclear role and that it is now operational, although it is unclear whether North Korea has mastered the technology needed to build warheads small enough to be carried on a cruise missile.


Kim Jong-un oversees missile launch, one of several recent tests by North Korea

Kim Jong-un oversees missile launch, one of several recent tests by North Korea

The cruise missiles are among a number of smaller weapons recently developed by North Korea seen as being able to fly low and manoeuvre to better evade missile defences.

Kim said last year that developing smaller bombs is a top goal, and officials in Seoul have said that if the North resumes nuclear testing for the first time since 2017, developing smaller devices could be among its goals.

North Korea’s cruise missiles usually generate less interest than ballistic missiles because they are not explicitly banned under UN Nations Security Council resolutions.

Cruise missiles and short-range ballistic missiles that can be armed with either conventional or nuclear bombs are particularly destabilising in the event of conflict as it can be unclear which kind of warhead they are carrying, analysts said.

Seoul’s ‘Kill Chain’ plans to counter nuclear North may raise eyebrows in China

US President Joe Biden’s administration rolled out a long-delayed national security strategy on Wednesday with only a lone reference to North Korea, underscoring limited US options to contain its nuclear and missile programmes.

Daniel Russel, the top US diplomat for East Asia under former president Barack Obama, said this was striking, “not only because it passes so quickly past a persistent and existential threat, but also because it frames the strategy as ‘seeking sustained diplomacy toward denuclearisation,’ when North Korea has so convincingly showed its utter rejection of negotiations.”