US secretary of state Pompeo arrives in Pakistan to ‘reset’ relations
America has recently cancelled a US$300 million aid payment to the country, while new US special adviser on Afghan reconciliation is an unpopular figure there
The US last weekend cancelled a US$300 million Coalition Support Fund payment to the country, and on board the plane to Pakistan, Pompeo announced his appointment of an unpopular figure there, Zalmay Khalilzad, as the new US special adviser on Afghan reconciliation.
Pompeo said he wanted to “reset” strained relations with Pakistan, but the appointment of Khalilzad could complicate his job.
“He has been very critical of Pakistan in the past and his appointment will not help move things forward,” said Zahid Hussain, a defence analyst and author of two books on militancy in the region.
Khalilzad was born in Afghanistan and served as US special envoy to the country following the collapse of the Taliban from 2001-2003, and then as US ambassador to Afghanistan from 2003-2005.
He has been critical of Pakistan, often blaming Afghanistan’s deteriorating security and countrywide chaos on Pakistan’s military and powerful ISI intelligence agency, accusing them of harbouring and aiding Taliban insurgents.
Khalilzad has been criticised for his role in cobbling together an Afghan government of warlords headed by Hamid Karzai following the Taliban’s collapse. Afghanistan’s corruption-plagued government and, by some accounts, poorly trained Afghan National Security Forces have frustrated Afghans and contributed to the country’s deteriorating security situation.
During his visit to Pakistan, which was expected to last only a few hours, Pompeo was to hold meetings with new Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan as well as the country’s powerful army chief Qamar Javed Bajwa and Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Quereshi.
Afghanistan and the prospects of a negotiated end to the war are likely to dominate talks before Pompeo leaves later Wednesday for neighbour India.
Although neither the US nor Pakistan can afford a complete rupture in relations, Hussain said Islamabad was frustrated the relationship had been reduced to a single point agenda: Afghanistan.
“The United States seems only to see Pakistan through the prism of Afghanistan,” he said. “The main thing is we would like to be allies with the US but with dignity.”
Speaking to reporters on his plane Tuesday, Pompeo was conciliatory. He said he wanted to visit Khan at the beginning of the former cricket star’s tenure “in an effort to reset the relationship between the two countries”.
“We have worked closely with the Pakistanis in my role as CIA director, our teams have been working together for a long time,” said Pompeo, former chief of the US spy agency.
“There are a lot of challenges between our two nations for sure, but we’re hopeful that with the new leadership … we can find common ground and we can begin to work on some of our shared problems together,” he said.
“I hope we can turn the page and begin to make progress, but there are real expectations. We need Pakistan to seriously engage to help us get to the reconciliation we need in Afghanistan.”
As an opposition leader, Khan often chastised Pakistan’s reliance on US financial assistance. He briefly stopped trucks supplying fuel and other goods to US and Nato troops from crossing into Afghanistan to protest US drone strikes in Pakistan’s tribal regions that border Afghanistan.
In a speech following the July 25 elections that propelled Khan to power, Khan said Pakistan would not participate in the US “war on terror”, saying it was not Pakistan’s role to fight, instead advocating a peaceful end to the protracted war in Afghanistan.
Khan has flatly rejected a US strategy that advocates a heavy military hand to force Afghanistan’s Taliban to the negotiating table.
Hussain said Pakistan would likely seek to broaden discussions with Pompeo “to explain its own national security concerns”, which includes neighbour India.
Pakistan has expressed its concern about a US South Asia policy that has sought greater involvement of India in Afghanistan. The hostile neighbours have fought three wars and Pakistan has steadfastly protested an Indian military presence in Afghanistan, including training of Afghan security forces.