India under fire as Muslim nations lash out over Prophet Mohammed remarks
- New Delhi is struggling to contain the diplomatic fallout from controversial comments made by two prominent spokespeople from the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party
- Afghanistan and Pakistan have joined Iran, Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Arab states in expressing their outrage at the remarks – risking bilateral relations
Modi’s party denies the accusations, but India’s Muslims say attacks against them and their faith have increased sharply.
The anger has been growing since last week after the two spokespeople, Nupur Sharma and Naveen Jindal, made speculative remarks that were seen as insulting Prophet Mohammed and his wife Aisha.
Modi’s party took no action against them until Sunday, when a sudden chorus of diplomatic outrage began with Qatar and Kuwait summoning their Indian ambassadors to protest. The BJP suspended Sharma and expelled Jindal and issued a rare statement saying it “strongly denounces insult of any religious personalities”, a move that was welcomed by Qatar and Kuwait.
Later, Saudi Arabia and Iran also lodged complaints with India, and the Jeddah-based Organization of Islamic Cooperation said the remarks came in a “context of intensifying hatred and abuse towards Islam in India and systematic practices against Muslims”.
India’s Foreign Ministry on Monday rejected the comments by the OIC as “unwarranted” and “narrow-minded”. On Sunday, India’s embassies in Qatar and Kuwait released a statement saying the views expressed about the Prophet Mohammed and Islam were not those of the Indian government and were made by “fringe elements”. The statement said that strong action had already been taken against those who made the derogatory remarks.
The criticism from Muslim countries, however, was severe, indicating that insulting Prophet Mohammed was a red line.
Qatar’s Foreign Ministry said it expected a public apology from the Indian government, and Kuwait warned that if the comments go unpunished, India would see “an increase of extremism and hatred”. The Grand Mufti of Oman described the “obscene rudeness” of Modi’s party towards Islam as a form of “war”. Riyadh said the comments were insulting and called for “respect for beliefs and religions”. And Egypt’s Al-Azhar Mosque, the Sunni world’s foremost institution of religious learning, described the remarks as “real terrorism [that] can plunge the entire world into severe crises and deadly wars”.
The remarks made by Sharma during a TV programme in India and Jindal in a tweet risk damaging India’s ties with Arab nations.
India maintains strong relations with Gulf countries, which rely on millions of migrant workers from India and elsewhere in South Asia to serve their tiny local populations and drive the machinery of daily life. India also depends on oil-rich Gulf Arab countries, such as Saudi Arabia, to power its energy-thirsty economy.
The remarks also led to anger in India’s arch-rival and neighbour, Pakistan, and in Afghanistan.
On Monday, Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry summoned an Indian diplomat and conveyed Islamabad’s “strong condemnation”, a day after Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif said the comments were “hurtful” and “India under Modi is trampling religious freedoms and persecuting Muslims”. India’s Foreign Ministry responded by calling Pakistan “a serial violator of minority rights” and said it should not engage “in alarmist propaganda and attempting to foment communal disharmony in India”.
“India accords the highest respect to all religions,” ministry spokesman Arindam Bagchi said.
Criticism also came from Kabul. The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan said the Indian government should not allow “such fanatics to insult … Islam and provoke the feelings of Muslims”.
Modi’s party also faced anger from some of its own supporters, but it was for a different reason. Many Hindu nationalists posted comments on social media saying the government was buckling under international pressure.
Anti-Muslim sentiments and attacks have risen across India under Modi. Last week, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said India was seeing “rising attacks on people and places of worship”, eliciting a response from New Delhi, which called the comments “ill-informed”.