Police in the Philippines on Monday resumed President Rodrigo Duterte’s war on drugs, making visits to the homes of users and dealers to convince them to surrender, but the national police chief said he could not promise a bloodless campaign. The announcement came as the justice department filed its first criminal case against police officers in the battle against drugs, bolstering human rights activists’ accusations of fabricated accounts of shoot-outs with drug suspects. The programme of visits, known as “Oplan Tokhang”, made a comeback with an assurance from police chief Ronaldo dela Rosa that it should be free of violence if offenders agreed to go quietly and did not resist. But Dela Rosa added he could not promise a “foolproof anti-drug campaign that would be bloodless”, as the police were “not dealing with people who are in their proper state of mind”. In the dialect of Duterte’s southern hometown of Davao, “Tokhang” is a combination of the words “knock” and “plead”. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte threatens Middle East work ban after maid ‘rapes and suicides’ Besides the visits, police have also run so-called “buy-bust”, or sting operations and raided suspected drug dens and illicit laboratories. Rights activists say in many of these operations, suspects have not been given the chance to surrender, and were executed in cold blood. But police insist suspects died because they violently resisted arrest. Nearly 4,000 drug suspects have died in gun battles with police since June 2016, when Duterte came to power. The government lost 85 police and soldiers in the drugs war, police data show. More than 1.2 million people had also turned themselves in after the home visits. Duterte has stopped police anti-drugs operations twice due to questions over the conduct of the force, including the killing of a teenager in a supposed anti-drug operation. On Monday, the justice department filed murder charges and drug-related cases against three police officers who killed the teenager, Kian Loyd delos Santos, after witnesses disputed the police version of the killing. Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte suspends anti-graft official after bank records ‘leak’ National police spokesman Dionardo Carlos said the force welcomed the filing. “The police officers have to face their accusers in court and prove their innocence, they have to follow the procedures,” he said, urging due process for the officers. To ensure transparency, Dela Rosa invited human rights advocates, priests and the media to join the relaunched programme of home visits. The police officers involved would also undergo a vetting process to weed out “rogue” officers, said Dela Rosa, adding that past abuses had involved the police seeking bribes to drop the names of people from the lists they compiled. “We are certainly hoping that it will be less controversial, because controversy will only blur the real intention, which is really the fight against dangerous drugs,” said Harry Roque, Duterte’s spokesman.