Legacy of war in Asia

Statue honouring wartime sex slaves removed in Philippines

Manila City Hall says the monument was removed for sewage work to be carried out on the waterfront, but no date has been set for its return

PUBLISHED : Sunday, 29 April, 2018, 3:56pm
UPDATED : Sunday, 29 April, 2018, 7:14pm

A statue honouring women who were forced to work in Japanese military brothels during the second world war was quietly removed from a busy seaside promenade in the Philippine capital, angering women’s groups.

Manila City Hall said in a statement that the bronze statue of a blindfolded Filipino woman, unveiled by Manila Bay in December, will be returned once drainage work is finished.

It gave no time frame for the project, alarming activists who suspect that the Japanese government pressured the Philippines to take the monument down.

“What happened is that we knelt down to the Japanese. … That’s why it’s shameful, so shameful,” said Teresita Ang See, co-founding president of a Chinese Filipino group.

Michael Charleston “Xiao” Chua, a professor at the De La Salle University Manila, called on the public to fight to get back the statue as a symbol of national dignity.

The monument was removed on Friday night.

Japan’s Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications Seiko Noda had expressed regret over the construction of the monument in January. According to Kyodo News service quoting the Japanese embassy in Manila, the Philippine government had notified the embassy of its intention to remove the statue.

The emotional issue of wartime sex slaves has provided a dilemma for the Philippines’ relations with Tokyo, a major provider of aid and financing to Manila.

A National Historical Commission marker says the monument memorialises Filipino women who suffered abuses during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines from 1942 to 1945. It was built with donations from Chinese-Filipino groups and individuals.

Historians say up to 200,000 women from across Asia were forced to provide sex to Japan’s front-line soldiers. Japanese nationalists contend that the sex slaves in wartime brothels were voluntary prostitutes, not sex slaves, and that Japan has been unfairly criticised for a practice they say is common in any country at war.

In 1995, Japan provided through a private fund 2 million yen (US$18,000) each to about 280 women in the Philippines, Taiwan and South Korea, and funded nursing homes and medical help for Indonesian and Dutch former sex slaves. However, many women in China, South Korea and the Philippines have demanded a full apology accompanied by official government compensation.

Last year, Osaka terminated its 60-year sister-city ties with San Francisco to protest a statue commemorating Asian sex slaves that was erected by California’s Korean, Chinese and Filipino communities.