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Conservation

Chinese demand for durians poses grave threat to ‘critically endangered’ Malayan tigers

  • Forests in the region of Raub in Malaysia are being burned and cleared to make way for plantations
  • The value of China’s imports of durians has climbed an average of 26 per cent a year over the past decade, reaching US$1.1 billion in 2016
PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 24 October, 2018, 11:30am
UPDATED : Wednesday, 24 October, 2018, 9:28pm

The habitat of one of the world’s most endangered tigers is under threat, according to environmental groups, as forests in Malaysia are cleared to meet growing demand for durians, the divisively pungent fruit hugely popular in China.

Forests in the region of Raub in Malaysia, which has become a popular destination for Chinese and Singapore tourists on “durian tours”, are being burned and cleared to make way for plantations to grow the Musang King variety of the spiky but stinky fruit.

The land is home to the Malayan tiger, which is considered “critically endangered” with fewer than 300 left in the world. Environmental groups have said destroying their habit could have a “devastating” impact on the tigers’ survival.

Siti Zuraidah Abidin from WWF Malaysia said the Hulu Sempan area, where new plantations are planned, had been designated an “expected tiger habitat”. The area is near a protected area where most of the tigers live, she said. Malayan tigers are found only on the Malay Peninsula and in the southern tip of Thailand.

“Land clearing at Hulu Sempam can cause the wider forests to be fragmented, which in turn can affect the wildlife movement,” she said.

It is believed 1,213 hectares of land in Hulu Sempan will eventually be cut down for the durian plantation by Perbadanan Setiausaha Kerajaan, a company linked to the government.

“The project on that site does not need permission from the forestry department,” confirmed the Pahang Forestry Department.

The demand for durian in China has driven up prices and led to a surge in large-scale durian farming in Malaysia over the past year, with some predicting they could eventually replace palm oil as Malaysia’s biggest export. However, just as palm oil has led to the destruction of the habitat of endangered wildlife such as orangutans, campaigners are concerned the shift towards durian will prove equally destructive to the endangered tiger population.

It is a lucrative market. The value of China’s fresh imports of durian fruit has climbed an average of 26 per cent a year over the past decade, reaching US$1.1 billion in 2016.

The world’s current biggest exporter of durians is Thailand, every year exporting 402,661 metric tons worth US$495 million – of which 303,430 metric tons (worth US $394 million) were exported to China.

The fruit’s odour has been described as resembling feet, onions and manure. It is so smelly that it is banned on Singapore’s Rapid Mass Transit system.