Indonesia deploys fighter jets, warships to patrol Natuna islands at centre of spat with Beijing
- The islands border the South China Sea, most of which is claimed by China although there are competing claims from other Southeast Asian nations
- Indonesia does not have a claim in the South China Sea but said it would not tolerate incursions by China – a key trading partner – into its nearby waters
China claims the majority of the resource-rich waterway through the so-called nine-dash line, a vague delineation based on maps from the 1940s as the then-Republic of China snapped up islands from Japanese control.
Indonesia does not have a claim in the South China Sea, but has said it would not tolerate incursions by China – a key trading partner – into its nearby waters.
The Indonesian military said it had deployed eight warships and four fighter jets ahead of Widodo’s visit in an apparent bid to assert its sovereignty over the region.
A Chinese coastguard vessel was spotted near the islands on Wednesday, Indonesia said.
“We have deployed eight warships,” said Navy spokesman Fajar Tri Rohadi.
It follows the deployment on Friday of about 600 personnel from the navy, army and air force to Natuna as the military launched what it called a regular patrol to secure the area due to the presence of foreign vessels in Indonesian waters.
The moves come after Indonesia summoned the Chinese ambassador last week and lodged a “strong protest” over a Chinese coastguard vessel escorting Chinese fishing boats around the islands in mid-December.
Beijing responded that it has “historic rights” in the region and that fishing boats had been carrying out “legal and reasonable” activities.
This week, China’s foreign ministry said the dispute was being handled diplomatically.
“China and Indonesia have been communicating on this matter through diplomatic channels,” ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said on Tuesday, describing the two countries as “comprehensive strategic partners”.
“Both countries shoulder the responsibility of maintaining regional peace and stability,” he added.
Colin Koh, a research fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, said it was not the first time Indonesia has made such a deployment.
In 2016, after incidents with Chinese fishing boats, the Indonesian Air Force also beefed up its presence in the Natunas, Koh said.
“This is all part of the ‘standard’ military posturing Indonesia undertakes against Chinese transgression,” he said. “It’s necessary to take this stand because eyes at home are watching how the Jokowi administration responds to this latest Chinese intrusion.”
Despite the show of power, Indonesia’s defence forces were not likely to further escalate matters, Koh said.
“Recent statements by [Indonesian defence] authorities point to their belief that the Chinese might be ‘baiting’ them to commit unlawful acts which Beijing could then use against them. What unlawful act that is, we aren’t too sure,” he said. “But it’s clear the political and military leaderships are in sync on exercising restraint.”
While the Chinese military was also not likely to scale up tensions, it would be ready to retaliate at a moment’s notice, Koh said.
“The Chinese believe it’s important to possess the moral high ground by insisting on employing coastguards instead of military. China has the advantage of having more numerous and more capable coastguard vessels at its disposal,” he said.
“The Chinese already have plans on how the PLA could intervene in case TNI [Indonesia’s armed forces] ever intervenes and overpowers the coastguard units in Natuna EEZ. And likely Beijing is daring Jakarta to do just that,” he said. “And that’s likely what the Indonesians are concerned about.”
Additional reporting by John Power