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A labourer works on a new Covid-19 quarantine centre in Muse, near the China-Myanmar border. Photo: AFP

China secretly sending Myanmar rebels Covid-19 vaccines, medical workers and other aid, groups say

  • Thousands of vaccines, medical workers and construction materials for quarantine centres have reportedly been shipped over the porous border
  • Health workers have also crossed over from China to deliver masks and hand sanitiser, according to multiple rebel groups
Delivering vaccines to Myanmar’s junta, but also to rebel groups that are the generals’ sworn enemies, China is playing both sides to fight the coronavirus and strengthen its hand in the messy politics of its southern neighbour.
Beijing has already handed over nearly 13 million doses to the generals, who ousted Aung San Suu Kyi in February and plunged Myanmar and its health care system into chaos.

The junta has appeared powerless to halt the spread of the virus, spooking authorities on the other side of its porous, 2,000-kilometre frontier with China, where officials are waging a “zero case” war on Covid-19.

A migrant worker returning from China in May has his temperature taken at the Myanmar border gate in Muse, Shan state. Photo: AFP

So Beijing has quietly shipped thousands of vaccines, medical workers, and construction materials for quarantine centres, according to multiple rebel groups.

Chinese Red Cross staff “come to help us sometimes … to help us prevent the Covid pandemic,” said Colonel Naw Bu, spokesman for the Kachin Independence Army (KIA).

Chinese border crackdown forces citizens to leave Myanmar’s ‘Little China’

“But they did not come to stay here,” added the colonel, whose group – numbering thousands – controls territory in Myanmar’s northern jade-rich hills. “They just came for a while and went back.”

The KIA is one of Myanmar’s more than 20 ethnic rebel groups – many of whom control swathes of remote border territory – who have fought each other and the military over the drugs trade, natural resources and autonomy. But they are all vulnerable to Covid-19.

As a third wave ripped through lowland Myanmar in July, the KIA inoculated 10,000 people in their Laiza headquarters with Chinese jabs, Naw Bu said.

Health workers had also crossed over from China to deliver masks and hand sanitiser, he added.


Myanmar military coup hampers fight against country’s biggest wave of Covid-19

Myanmar military coup hampers fight against country’s biggest wave of Covid-19

It is a scene familiar along the porous border.

The Shan State Progress Party rebel group has vaccinated 1,000 people in areas under its control with Chinese vaccines, a spokesman said. It had ordered a total of half a million, he added.

“Good neighbour” China had also promised to supply doses to the Ta’ang National Liberation Army, based in nearby territory, said spokesman Brigadier General Tar Phone Kyaw.

Meanwhile, in the border town of Muse, men work on a new quarantine centre that will house up to 1,000 beds for traders keen to resume business with the country’s giant, Covid-wary neighbour.

Myanmar’s shadow government plans US$300 million vaccination drive

The workers are Myanmar nationals, but the building materials were all provided by authorities in China’s Yunnan province, AFP found.

The aid is receiving none of the fanfare of Beijing’s diplomacy elsewhere in Asia and across Africa.

“China will as always, according to their needs, provide necessary assistance and support to the Myanmar people in their fight against the epidemic,” a Chinese foreign affairs spokesman said when asked if Beijing was helping insurgent groups fight Covid-19.

But Enze Han, a University of Hong Kong associate professor in public administration, said it “makes sense” for authorities across the border to help.

If China wants to protect itself from Covid … it needs to create a buffer zone
Enze Han, University of Hong Kong associate professor

“If China wants to protect itself from Covid … it needs to create a buffer zone,” he said.

And ethnic Chinese groups, using Chinese SIM cards and currency, live along the border in areas “basically grafted onto the lower belly of China,” explained David Mathieson, an analyst formerly based in Myanmar.

If major clashes between rebels and the military broke out – as it did in 2017, sending thousands fleeing into China – it would be a “worst-case scenario” for Beijing, he said.

China – the junta’s main ally, which has refused to describe its February ouster of the civilian government as a coup – has sent millions of vaccines directly to the military government.

Myanmar struggles to contain coronavirus as health workers become targets

But with widespread distrust keeping many away from health care in junta-controlled territory, analysts say Beijing will continue involving itself in areas where the writ of the Myanmar state runs thin.

“The military government definitely doesn’t like it,” said Hong Kong University’s Han. “But they have no option.”

This article appeared in the South China Morning Post print edition as: China sends Covid aid to rebels in Myanmar