The Philippines has established three coastguard outposts on three islands in the disputed South China Sea to monitor ship movements and promote safety, coastguard officials said Friday, amid increasing maritime tensions with China. The move reinforced the presence of Filipino troops on the islands in the hotly contested Spratly archipelago and will likely be frowned upon by Beijing, which has claimed the disputed waterway virtually in its entirety. China has protested any new constructions in the region although it has transformed seven disputed reefs into military-guarded island bases in past years, alarming rival claimant states and the United States, which has no territorial claims but deploys its Navy and Air Force for patrols to ensure freedom of navigation and overflight in the contested waters. Coastguard Admiral Artemio Abu said the outposts on the islands, which were established this week, would be manned by coastguard personnel and equipped with radio communications that could report any incident to the coastguard headquarters in Manila. Abu did not specify how many personnel would be stationed at the new outposts but said it’s the largest deployment of coastguard personnel in the disputed region so far. “Through these command observation posts, we improve our capabilities in promoting maritime safety, maritime search and rescue, and marine environmental protection,” Abu said in a statement. The good, the bad and the ugly: three scenarios for the South China Sea The three islands have been occupied by Filipino troops for years and are internationally known as West York and Nanshan islands and Northeast Cay. Last week the coastguard installed five navigational buoys carrying Philippine flags just off the three islands and near Thitu island, the largest of nine islands and islets Filipino forces have occupied in the Spratlys. The Philippines considers much of the Spratlys as part of its western Palawan province. The “sovereign markers” flash lights at night to guide fishermen and ships and “communicate that the said vicinity waters are considered special protected zones” where mining and oil exploration are prohibited to preserve their rich natural resources, Abu said without elaborating. Aside from China and the Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia and Brunei have had overlapping territorial claims in the busy waterway, which many regard as a potential flashpoint in Asia. China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean), which includes four member states involved in the territorial disputes, have resumed talks this year on a proposed “Code of Conduct”, or a non-aggression pact aimed at preventing armed confrontations in the region. But the negotiations have faced years of delay, partly due to the onset of the coronavirus pandemic in 2020.