Beijing and Canberra have agreed to enhance military ties, Chinese state media reported, lauding defence relations between them even as Australia strengthens cooperation with the United States and Japan. The move follows President Xi Jinping’s visit to Australia last month, when both states agreed to raise their ties to a “comprehensive strategic partnership” and sealed a free-trade accord, Xinhua news agency reported on Tuesday. Improving military relations illustrated “a new high of mutual political trust between our countries”, the agency quoted Central Military Commission vice-chairman Fan Changlong as saying. “Military ties forge an important part of bilateral ties,” he said. Fan held talks with Mark Binskin, the head of Australia’s military, and defence secretary Dennis Richardson, who were in China for an annual strategic dialogue. Military ties forge an important part of bilateral ties Fan Changlong, vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission Australia, a long-time defence ally of the US, has also stepped up military ties with Japan and has occasionally tussled with China despite their close trade relations. In July, Australian foreign minister Julie Bishop was quoted as saying that “China doesn’t respect weakness” and that Canberra must “hope for the best and manage for the worst” in its relations with Beijing, prompting the ire of Chinese state media. Bishop received a rare diplomatic dressing down from Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi when she visited Beijing last December after Canberra criticised China’s declaration of an air defence zone in the East China Sea. Last month, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott, US President Barack Obama and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said they were committed to deepening their already strong security cooperation in the Asia-Pacific. Meeting on the sidelines of the G20 summit in Brisbane, they announced enhanced defence cooperation, including trilateral exercises, maritime security capacity building and maritime domain awareness. They also called for the peaceful resolution of maritime disputes – with China involved in territorial rows with Japan and several Southeast Asian countries. Washington and Canberra signed an agreement in August to base 2,500 marines in the northern Australian city of Darwin as part of the much-vaunted US “rebalance” to Asia. Chinese media expressed irritation when the deployment was first announced in 2011, although criticism has been largely muted. Xinhua did not provide details of the stepped-up Chinese-Australian defence ties, but said Richardson noted that 45 instances of cooperation or exchange were started this year. The defence agreement follows the free-trade accord between the two countries, which abolishes tariffs in the lucrative natural resource and agricultural sectors. China is Australia’s biggest trading partner, with the two-way flow exceeding A$150 billion (HK$986 billion).