Confucian values deemed it vital for the emperor, seen as heaven’s representative on Earth, to produce a direct male heir to maintain harmony between heaven and Earth.

How men became eunuchs to serve in imperial China’s Forbidden City

  • An army of eunuchs was attached to the Forbidden City, primarily to safeguard the imperial women’s chastity
  • Poverty, punishment and coercion were among the reasons why men ended up facing the ‘knifer’
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Confucian values deemed it vital for the emperor, seen as heaven’s representative on Earth, to produce a direct male heir to maintain harmony between heaven and Earth.
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