An exiled Uygur leader called for more concerted international pressure on China to end its mass detention of the ethnic group as he received a US award. The National Endowment for Democracy, which is funded by the US Congress to promote democracy worldwide, gave its annual award to the World Uygur Congress as well as the Tibet Action Institute and ChinaAid, a Christian human rights group headed by pastor Bob Fu. The Democracy Award – whose statuette resembles the Goddess of Democracy erected by students in Tiananmen Square in 1989 – was presented on Tuesday night on the 30th anniversary of China’s crushing of the student protests, which left hundreds if not more dead. Dolkun Isa, president of the World Uygur Congress, which says it represents the interests of Uygurs both under Chinese rule and overseas, said the award offered a morale boost to the group, which Beijing has branded a terrorist organisation. “Maybe this award will bring more support for the Uygur cause from the international community,” Isa said at the ceremony. “Some countries like the US and European countries are speaking out. But many Muslim countries continue not only their silence but supporting the Chinese repression toward the Uygurs. It’s a real disappointment and shame because we are Muslims facing religious persecution.” China has rounded up more than 1 million Uygurs and other mostly Muslim Turkic peoples in the northwestern region of Xinjiang, according to estimates cited by a UN panel. How Airbnb discriminates against China’s ethnic minorities The United States has drawn parallels to Nazi Germany and denounced the “concentration camps”. But Isa said the United States should go further and impose sanctions on Chinese officials responsible for the policy, a step supported by a number of US lawmakers. “Just speaking out on this issue isn’t good enough. We ask Western governments to take concrete action and sanction high-level officials,” he said. “Otherwise the Chinese will not stop and will continually expand these camps.” China has denounced the Western criticism, calling it inaccurate and interference in its affairs, and was angered when the United States invited Isa to address a United Nations forum. China says it is providing vocational training to prevent the spread of Islamic extremism. But Isa said China was suppressing freedom of religion. He cited accounts that China had demanded that Uygurs not pray or fast during the holy month of Ramadan and forced them to eat pork and drink alcohol, both forbidden by Islam. “If you refuse, they say you’re radicalised,” he said. China slams US for trying to deprive it of UN forum seat over Uygur centres US Representative Jim McGovern, a Massachusetts Democrat, presented the award to Isa and described the camps as an “attempt to stamp out Uygur identity”, saying Uygurs who are not detained “live in an open-air prison”. “It is long past time for the world to send a clear message that the Chinese government cannot perpetrate these abuses with impunity,” McGovern said.