China hopes that Australia will act and speak with caution on the South China Sea and that its words and actions on the issue match each other, a senior Chinese officer told the visiting head of the Australian Defence Force. Australia, a staunch US ally, has previously drawn criticism from China for running surveillance flights over disputed islands in the South China Sea and supporting US freedom of navigation exercises there. However, Australia has not conducted a unilateral freedom of navigation voyage of its own. Meeting in Beijing, the vice-chairman of China’s Central Military Commission Fan Changlong told Australia’s Air Chief Marshal Mark Binskin that China hopes to push forward the healthy and stable development of bilateral military ties, China’s Defence Ministry said late on Wednesday. China “hopes that on the South China Sea issue the Australian side can speak and act cautiously, and that its words and deeds match”, the ministry paraphrased Fan as saying. He did not elaborate. Multimedia package on the conflicting claims in the South China Sea China claims almost the entire South China Sea through which about US$5 trillion of sea-borne trade passes annually. Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam also have claims on parts of the sea, which is believed to have rich deposits of oil and gas in addition to ample fish stocks. China has been angered by US freedom of navigation patrols in the South China Sea, while China’s building of artificial islands there, including new airstrips, has rattled nerves around the region. China says much of the building and reclamation work it has been doing in the South China Sea is to benefit the international community, including for civilian maritime navigation. Australia calls Beijing’s South China Sea moves ‘counterproductive’ In July, an arbitration court in the Hague said China’s claims to the waterway were invalid, after a case was brought by the Philippines. Beijing has refused to recognise the ruling. Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull discussed the South China Sea with Chinese President Xi Jinping last month, stressing the importance of complying with international law.