China may be testing a new, long-range air-to-air missile that could take out early warning aircraft and aerial refuelling aircraft, a state-run newspaper said on Thursday, after pictures of the new missile surfaced online. President Xi Jinping is overseeing an ambitious military modernisation programme that includes stealth jets and aircraft carriers. The country has also tested antisatellite missiles. Why is India risking Chinese anger by trying to sell missiles to Vietnam? China Daily said the People’s Liberation Army had recently posted pictures online of a J-11B fighter carrying a large, unidentified missile during drills last year. Air force researcher Fu Qianshao told the newspaper he believed the missile was designed to hit distant high-value targets, such as early warning aircraft, normally outside actual combat zones. That represents an improved capability over existing Chinese missiles, which have ranges of less than 100km. “The best solution to this problem I can figure out is to send a super-manoeuvrable fighter jet with very long-range missiles to destroy those high-value targets, which are the ‘eyes’ of enemy jets,” Fu said. “So the successful development of this potential new missile would be a major breakthrough.” The missile may even have an actual range of 400km, exceeding those used by Western air forces, and dive down on targets from the stratosphere, he added. The air force has yet to formally comment on the new missile. Why did China release rare videos of its successful anti-missile system tests? Chinese state media periodically report on new weapons before there is official confirmation of their existence. The military modernisation comes as China has rattled nerves around the region with increasingly assertive moves to bolster its sovereignty claims in the South China Sea and over Taiwan, which it regards as a breakaway province. China’s first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning, recently sailed around the self-ruled island in what China called a routine drill, but which prompted Taiwan to scramble fighter jets and navy ships.