North Korean leader Kim Jong-un sends congratulations to Xi Jinping after congress
Message comes amid strained ties between two allies over Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons tests
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un sent a rare congratulatory message to China’s President Xi Jinping on Wednesday wishing the Chinese leader “great success” in his future tasks as head of the nation, the restive state’s media said.
The friendly gesture by the North Korean leader, who rarely issues personal messages, was sent at the end of China’s all important Communist Party Congress at which Xi became the country’s most powerful leader since Mao Zedong.
The message comes as China is being urged by the international community to do more to rein in North Korea’s missile and nuclear tests that have raised tensions globally.
“It expressed the conviction that the relations between the two parties and the two countries would develop in the interests of the peoples of the two countries,” North Korea’s state-run central news agency said in a statement on Thursday, citing the message sent by Kim to Xi.
“The Chinese people have entered the road of building socialism with the Chinese characteristics in the new era” under the guidance of Xi, the message said.
The two countries often exchange routine diplomatic correspondence and ceremonial letters to each other on political anniversaries or political promotions, although personal messages to and from their leaders tend to be few.
Analysts said it was too early to tell if ties between the two countries were warming up.
“Congratulatory messages between North Korea and China is an old story and reading too much into the message exchanged would be a one-sided analysis,” Yang Moo-jin, a professor at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul, said. “It’s what they usually do and not surprising at all.”
China is North Korea’s sole major ally and accounts for more than 90 per cent of trade with the isolated country.
Beijing has been called upon by several countries, especially the United States, to step up its efforts to curb North Korea’s ambitions towards building a nuclear-tipped ballistic missile that can reach the United States.
It has shown it is irritated with Pyongyang following the isolated state’s numerous missile launches and nuclear tests, repeatedly calling for restraint and urging all sides to speak and act carefully.
China has said it will strictly enforce UN Security Council sanctions banning imports of coal, textiles and seafood, while cutting off oil shipments to its neighbour.
Meanwhile, North Korea has not engaged in any missile or nuclear provocations since mid-September, although it tends to test fewer missiles late in the year for unexplained reasons.
“North Korea has been walking a diplomatic tightrope by taking advantage of strategic mistrust between China and Russia, but it has not been easy as Beijing has sternly responded to its nuclear and missile provocations,” Kim Han-kwon, a professor at the Korea National Diplomatic Academy in Seoul, said.
“China’s party congress is over, but Kim Jong-un’s concerns will only continue to deepen. The most significant event at hand is the upcoming summit between Xi and Trump,” he said.