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Human rights in China

US considers sanctioning Chinese officials over crackdown that detained ‘tens of thousands’ of Muslims in Xinjiang

State Department warns that those responsible for holding ‘tens of thousands’ of Xinjiang residents could be targeted under Magnitsky Act

PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 18 April, 2018, 8:44pm
UPDATED : Thursday, 19 April, 2018, 11:10pm

A senior American official said on Wednesday that the United States would pursue sanctions on Chinese officials involved in a sweeping security crackdown in the western region of Xinjiang if they were deemed appropriate for designation under a law targeting human rights offenders.

Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Laura Stone said the US was deeply concerned about China’s detention of at least “tens of thousands” of ethnic Uygurs and other Muslims and could take action under the 2016 Global Magnitsky Act.

Xinjiang subway passengers ordered to show ID to travel

Beijing has defended its crackdown as a “People’s War on Terror” and a necessary move to purge separatist and religious extremist elements from Xinjiang, a vast region with more than 10 million Muslims. 

But an extrajudicial detention programme has swept up many people, including relatives of American citizens, accused of offences ranging from accessing foreign websites to contacting overseas relatives.

Speaking to reporters in Beijing, Stone said the US was particularly concerned about the detained family members of six journalists – four of whom are US citizens and two US permanent residents who have reported on Xinjiang – working for Washington-based Radio Free Asia.

“The information we have, including about detention centres, paints a disturbing picture,” Stone said. “We will continue to raise our concerns with the Chinese government and call for legal due process in the detention of any citizens.”

Xinjiang authorities have established a network of detention centres operating seemingly without legal basis. 

Xinjiang crackdown must go on to subdue ‘terror risks’, China says

Rights groups estimate that such centres are holding a minimum of tens of thousands of people who receive so-called political education for indefinite periods. It is just one element in a far-reaching security regime credited to Chen Quanguo, the Communist Party official previously placed in charge of Tibet. 

Other aspects of the campaign include all-encompassing digital surveillance, mass deployment of police and severe regulations against religious customs and dress.

US lawmakers raised the possibility of Magnitsky Act sanctions this month, signalling growing concern in Washington over alleged human rights abuses in Xinjiang. 

Republican leaders of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China – Senator Marco Rubio of Florida and Representative Christopher H Smith of New Jersey – asked the US ambassador to Beijing, Terry Branstad, to visit the region and collect information on the Xinjiang officials responsible for the mass detention policy.

Uygurs around the world protest against Chinese security campaign

The Global Magnitsky Act allows the US government to place travel and financial restrictions on individuals anywhere in the world given credible proof of their role in human rights violations or corruption. 

In December, US authorities designated 52 people under the act, including a Myanmar general allegedly involved in the deadly crackdown on Rohingya Muslims and a Chinese police official who oversaw the Beijing detention centre that held Cao Shunli, a human rights activist who died in custody.

Under the sanctions, which empower the Treasury Department to target officials, the US assets of listed individuals will be frozen and they will not be allowed to do business with US banks.

Chinese foreign ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying on Wednesday warned the US against “interference in any form and groundless accusation on China’s internal affairs.”

Members of all ethnic groups in Xinjiang “live and work in peace and enjoy development and tranquillity”, Hua said.