James Mattis tries to woo Brazil as Chinese influence in Latin America continues to grow
The US defence secretary described Brazil as an ally ‘whose values we share politically’, adding – apparently in a swipe at China – ‘Others cannot credibly say the same’
US Defence Secretary James Mattis urged closer strategic ties with Brazil on Tuesday in what appeared to be part of a concerted resistance against growing Chinese influence in Latin America.
Mattis, who is starting a tour of South America, told military officers at Rio de Janeiro’s war college that Brazil and the United States had interests built on shared geography, democracy and battlefield history dating to the second world war.
Mattis said the United States wanted a “stronger relationship,” with a focus on using the Brazil’s Alcantara space centre, whose location near the equator makes launches more effective.
China is developing its space infrastructure in Latin America, with a base in southern Argentina’s Patagonia region. It has also pushed deep into the continent’s economies as an investor and major client for agricultural, mineral and other commodities.
Mattis said that US interest in Alcantara was “not because it lies along the equator, a happy accident of geography, but because we want to work with Brazilians – our hemispheric neighbours whose values we share politically, as well as your technological orientation”.
“Others cannot credibly say the same,” he said in what appeared to be a pointed reference to China.
China’s regional rise comes after long decades of deep, sometimes controversial US influence in Latin America. Mattis, due to visit Argentina, Chile and Colombia next, made clear that Washington is in no mood to give way.
“We see Latin America as our neighbour. Some people say we don’t pay much attention to it. That is certainly not the case in the military,” Mattis said in separate comments issued by the Pentagon’s press office.
Adam Isacson, director for defence oversight at the Washington Office on Latin America, a research organisation, said Mattis was trying to make up for lost time.
“He’s going to South America now simply to raise the United States’ defence profile in a region that hasn’t had a visit from a defence secretary since 2014,” Isacson said.
“The Pentagon probably feels a need to raise the US profile amid concerns about increasing Russian and Chinese influence on the continent.”
Mattis told officers in Rio that after an April discussion with Brazil’s defence minister, Joaquim Silva e Luna, he ordered staff members “to transform our defence relationship with Brazil, to re-energise it”.
Mattis singled out Brazil as a regional leader, praising the country’s record of multiple peacekeeping missions and its stand against the deeply anti-US government in chaotic Venezuela.
Mattis described the Venezuelan leadership as a “power-hungry, oppressive regime that forces refugees into Brazil and into Colombia and elsewhere”.
The Brazilian defence minister said Monday after talks with Mattis that his US counterpart believed “the solution (in Venezuela) should be led by Brazil”.
In an interview with Brazil’s O Globo newspaper earlier this week, Mattis again emphasised what he said were the shared democratic values in the US-Latin American partnerships, specifically comparing this to the nature of the new regional rivals China and Russia.
Admiral Kurt Tidd, commander of the US Southern Command, explicitly underlined Washington’s fears in a speech in June, warning that Latin America tended to be forgotten in strategic considerations.
Russia has made “a noticeable increase” in its military and intelligence presence in Latin America during the last six years, as well as leveraging the effect of its international state-controlled media to “discredit, distort or outright fabricate stories about the United States”, Tidd said.
China, he said, could be using its huge investment activities as cover “for China’s strategic interests at the expense of others”.