Maldives set to pull out of ‘lopsided’ free trade deal with China, says presidential adviser
- After less than a year, nation of 400,000 people wants out of ‘one-way’ treaty
- New president says debts to China have piled up and state coffers ‘looted’
The Maldives’ new government will pull out of a free trade agreement with China because it was a mistake for the tiny nation to strike such a pact with the world’s second biggest economy, the head of the largest party in the country’s ruling alliance said.
It is the latest sign of a backlash against China in the Maldives, known for its luxury resorts on palm-fringed coral islands.
“The trade imbalance between China and the Maldives is so huge that nobody would think of a free trade agreement between such parties,” said Mohamed Nasheed, the chief of the Maldivian Democratic Party, which leads the ruling federal alliance. “China is not buying anything from us. It is a one-way treaty.”
On Saturday, as he took office, President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih declared the state coffers had been “looted” and warned that the country was in financial difficulty after racking up debt with Chinese lenders.
Abdullah Yameen, who lost the presidential election in September, signed the agreement during a visit to Beijing in December last year, and the same month his parliament ratified the treaty despite opposition protests that he had rushed through the 1,000-page document in less than an hour without debate.
Nasheed, a former president and now an adviser to Solih, said parliament would not pass the law changes required for the zero tariffs agreement to go into force.
“It was ratified by parliament, but fortunately it calls for different sets of legislation. We are not going to have this further legislation. We cannot go with that,” Nasheed said.
China’s Foreign Ministry said that Culture and Tourism Minister Luo Shugang, President Xi Jinping’s special envoy at the presidential inauguration, told Solih that China paid great attention to developing relations with the Maldives.
The Maldives is one of a number of small countries where China has invested billions of dollars building motorways and housing as part of its Belt and Road Initiative. Through that initiative, Beijing hopes to improve trade and investment flows with much of Asia.
China was willing to work with the Maldives to consolidate their traditional friendship, plan their practical cooperation and promote Belt and Road to inject “new impetus” into their relationship, the foreign ministry quoted Luo as saying during Sunday’s meeting with the Maldivian president.
According to the foreign ministry, Solih expressed appreciation for China’s long-term support for the Maldives and that he was willing to further extend cooperation under the Belt and Road framework.
Critics in the Maldives said a China-led infrastructure boom has left the country of a little more than 400,000 people debt-ridden, and a free trade pact would only make the situation worse given the lopsided nature of the relationship.
Between January and August this year, the Maldives’ imports from China were $342 million, while its exports to China were $265,270, according to the Maldives customs service. The island nation bought meat, agricultural produce, flowers, plants, electronics and toys from China among many other items.
It imported $194 million worth of goods from India, its traditional partner, during the same period, while exporting $1.8 million of products including scrap metal such as copper, aluminium and steel.
The Yameen administration said at the time that the agreement with China would help diversify the $3.9 billion economy and boost fisheries exports from the Maldives, crucial since the European Union declined in 2014 to renew a tax concession on them.
The two countries would open up services such as finance, health care and tourism, China said at the time. The Maldives has no free trade pacts with any other country.
If the Maldives turns away, it would be the latest setback for China, which is facing opposition for its projects in countries stretching from Malaysia to Nepal, and even from long-time ally Pakistan.
A proposed free trade agreement has been held up in Sri Lanka over Colombo’s demand that it have the option to leave after 10 years.
A member of Solih’s transition team also said the administration was thinking of cancelling the pact.
“It makes no business sense,” the official said. “This is not something we are going to pursue, we expect the cabinet to meet and take a formal decision on this.”
The new government plans an audit of the deals signed by the Yameen administration, but it said it had no plans to suspend or cancel any of the projects, such as airport expansion and housing contracts, given to Chinese firms.