An international coalition of lawmakers has called on Western countries to stop extradition to Hong Kong in response to Beijing’s imposition of a tough national security law on the city, after Canada became the first to do so. The Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China (IPAC), a bloc of legislators formed in June to coordinate an approach by democracies towards China, urged member countries to suspend their extradition agreements with Hong Kong after the national security legislation had “severely undermined the rule of law”. Effective since last Tuesday, the law criminalised acts of secession, subversion, terrorism and collusion with foreign forces in Hong Kong with punishment of up to life in prison. The meeting of 16 IPAC co-chairs “committed to coordinate efforts to ensure that no one has to face extradition to Hong Kong, where the rule of law is severely compromised following the imposition of the so-called national security law”, the group said on Saturday. “Members are urgently seeking assurances from their respective governments that no such extraditions will take place and that existing treaties with the HKSAR (Hong Kong Special Administrative Region) are reviewed.” Nine countries represented in IPAC – Australia, Canada, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Britain and the United States – have extradition arrangements with Hong Kong. A total of 20 countries have extradition agreements with Hong Kong, including nations that do not have similar arrangements with mainland China, such as Australia, Germany, Britain, the US, India, Singapore and Malaysia. Fears have grown that the sweeping national security legislation in Hong Kong would damage the city’s semi-autonomy from Beijing and its freedoms. It includes provisions that would allow suspects in “complicated situations” to be extradited to mainland China with consequences for offences committed not only inside the city but abroad. Chinese version of national security law to prevail over English one A proposed extradition law in Hong Kong that would allow extradition to the mainland was the trigger for a mass protest movement that began last summer, with concerns over the opaque criminal justice system in the mainland. On Friday, Canada became the first to suspend its extradition treaty with Hong Kong over what it said was the national security law’s disregard for Hong Kong’s “one country, two systems” framework of semi-autonomy and the city’s mini-constitution, the Basic Law. “Hong Kong’s role as a global hub was built on that foundation,” Canadian Foreign Minister François-Philippe Champagne said. “Without it, Canada is forced to reassess existing arrangements.” Hong Kong national security law official English version Canada also said it would ban the export of sensitive military items to Hong Kong, and upgraded its advisory for travel to the city to warn of the “increased risk of arbitrary detention on national security grounds and possible extradition to mainland China”. Senior officials in Hong Kong said they were “very disappointed” in Canada’s decision, describing it as a political move that overrode the rule of law. Hong Kong Secretary for Security John Lee Ka-chiu told a radio programme on Saturday that Canada needed to “explain to the world on what grounds could they allow fugitives to go scot-free”. China’s foreign ministry spokesperson Zhao Lijian said on Monday that Beijing reserved the right to take countermeasures, and that Ottawa’s move had “grossly interfered” in China’s internal affairs. In a separate statement, China’s embassy in Ottawa said that it was firmly opposed to the Canadian government’s actions , and that the efforts by Western countries such as Canada to pressure Beijing on Hong Kong issues would be “doomed to fail”.